Today in History - Historical Events - 1877

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Notable Historical Events - 1877

1877Franz Schubert's 2nd Symphony in B, premieres

1877Thomas Edison invents Edisonphone, a sound recording device

1877Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain (Montana Territory).

1877Rutherford B. Hayes is sworn in as the 19th US president

1877Henry Ossian Flipper becomes 1st African American to graduate from West Point Military Academy

1877Rudolf Virchow delivers an anti-Darwinian speech to the Congress of German Naturalist and Physicians, Munich where he spoke against the teaching of the theory of evolution in schools

1877US inventor Thomas Edison demonstrates his hand-cranked phonograph for the first time

1877President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Wash DC

1877Rutherford B. Hayes (R) declared president despite Samuel J Tilden (D) winning the popular vote, but is 1 electoral vote shy of victory

1877Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph (gramophone) to the editors of "Scientific American"

1877Thomas Edison patents phonograph

18771st sound recording made (Thomas Edison)

1877Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated as 19th US president

1877Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles.

1877 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
England's Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India 
Jan 8
Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain (Montana Territory). 
Jan 15
US Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens 
Jan 16
Color organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop 
Jan 22
Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices. 
Jan 25
Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden 
Jan 30
Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces 
Feb 7
1st Guernsey Cattle Club organizes (NYC) 
Feb 12
1st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston & Salem, Mass 
Feb 12
US railroad builders strike against wage reduction 
Feb 20
1st cantilever bridge in US completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky 
Feb 20
International Association (minor baseball league) organizes 
Feb 27
US Electoral College declares R Hayes winner presidential election 
Mar 2
Rutherford B. Hayes (R) declared president despite Samuel J Tilden (D) winning the popular vote, but is 1 electoral vote shy of victory 
Mar 3
Rutherford B. Hayes is sworn in as the 19th US president 
Mar 4
Tchaikovski's incomplete ballet "Zwanenmeer" premieres in Moscow 
Mar 5
Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated as 19th US president 
Mar 12
Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony, Southern Africa. 
Mar 15
Commencement of 1st Test Cricket, Australia v England at MCG 
Mar 16
Charles Bannerman completes 1st Test cricket century, 165 v Eng 
Mar 17
Bill Midwinter completes Test Crickets' 1st 5-wkt haul, 5-78 v Eng 
Mar 18
President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Wash DC 
Mar 19
Australia beat England by 45 runs in very 1st Test match 
Mar 24
University boat race between Oxford & Cambridge ends in a dead heat 
Mar 31
British high director/governor sir Bartle Frere arrives in Capetown 
Mar 31
Test Cricket debut of Fred "Demon" Spofforth, Aust v Eng MCG 
Mar 31
The family with samurai antecedents who responded to the Saigo army in Ōita Nakatsu rebels. 
Apr 2
1st Easter egg roll held on White House lawn 
Apr 10
1st human cannonball act performed in London 
Apr 10
Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia, SC 
Apr 12
British annex Transvaal, in South Africa 
Apr 12
Catcher's mask 1st used in a baseball game 
Apr 15
1st telephone installed: Boston-Somerville, Mass 
Apr 19
Opera "Les Cloches de Cornerville" is produced (Paris) 
Apr 24
Last federal occupying troops withdraw from south (New Orleans) 
Apr 24
Russo-Turkish War, 1877-1878: Russia declares war on Ottoman Empire. 
Apr 27
Opera "Le Roi de Lahore" is produced (Paris) 
Apr 27
President Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends 
May 5
Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles. 
May 7
Cincinnati Enquirer first uses term "Bullpen" to indicate foul territory 
May 8
1st Westminster Dog Show held 
May 9
Mihail Kogălniceanu reads, in the Chamber of Deputies, the Declaration of Independence of Romania. This day became the Independence Day of Romania. 
May 12
Ottawa Rough Riders 1st outside competition vs Britannia 
May 13
Caesar Franck's "Lesson Eolides" premieres 
May 16
May 16, 1877 political crisis in France. 
May 17
Edwin T Holmes installs 1st telephone switchboard burglar alarm 
May 22
3rd Kentucky Derby: Billy Walker aboard Baden-Baden wins in 2:38 
May 24
5th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Cloverbrook wins in 2:45.5 
Jun 1
Society of American Artists forms 
Jun 1
US troops authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico 
Jun 9
11th Belmont: C Holloway aboard Cloverbrook wins in 2:46 
Jun 15
Henry Ossian Flipper becomes 1st African American to graduate from West Point Military Academy 
Jun 17
Indian Wars: Battle of White Bird Canyon - the Nez Perce defeat the US Cavalry at White Bird Canyon in the Idaho Territory. 
Jun 21
The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants, are hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania prisons. 
Jul 1
1st edition of "Amsterdammer" published 
Jul 9
First ever Wimbledon tennis championship begins - first offical lawn tennis tournament - men's singles only 
Jul 10
The then villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain. 
Jul 11
Kate Edger becomes New Zealand's first woman graduate and the first woman in the British Empire to earn a Bachelor of Arts 
Jul 14
General strike brings US railroad to a stand still 
Jul 19
1st Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Spencer W Gore beats Marshall (61 62 64) 
Jul 20
Military shoots on stopped railroad workers in Balt, kills 9 
Jul 21
-27] US army breaks railroad strike 
Jul 23
1st US municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations 
Jul 23
1st telephone & telegraph line in Hawaii completed 
Jul 24
1st time federal troops are used to combat strikers 
Aug 2
SF Public Library opens with 5,000 volumes 
Aug 5
Henry Morton Stanley's letter in order to aid reaches Boma at Congo 
Aug 10
Big Hole River: Col John Gibbon murders Nez-Perce indians 
Aug 10
Phillies & Expos play a doubleheader that ends at 3:23 AM 
Aug 11
Asaph Hall discovers Mars's moon Deimos 
Aug 12
Thomas Edison invents Edisonphone, a sound recording device 
Aug 17
Asaph Hall discovers Mars' moon Phobos 
Aug 22
Nez Perce-indians flee into Yellowstone National Park 
Sep 5
Southern blacks led by Pap Singleton settle in Kansas 
Sep 11
Rijkslandbouwhoge school opens in Wageningen 
Sep 20
Chase National Bank opens in NYC (later merges into Chase Manhattan) 
Sep 22
Rudolf Virchow delivers an anti-Darwinian speech to the Congress of German Naturalist and Physicians, Munich where he spoke against the teaching of the theory of evolution in schools 
Sep 23
Hurricane strikes Curacao & Bonaire kills 200 
Sep 24
Battle of Shiroyama, decisive victory of the Imperial Japanese Army over the Satsuma Rebellion 
Sep 27
John Mercer Langston named minister of Haiti 
Sep 30
1st US amateur swim meet (NY Athletic Club) 
Oct 5
Chief Joseph surrenders, ending Nez Perce War 
Oct 9
American Humane Association organizes (Cleveland) 
Oct 15
45th Congress (1877-79) convenes 
Oct 17
Henry Morton Stanley reaches Boma during trip cross Africa 
Oct 20
Franz Schubert's 2nd Symphony in B, premieres 
Oct 22
The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. Those widows and orphans who were unable to support themselves were evicted by the mine owners and likely sent to the Poor House. 
Nov 1
Dutch government of Heemskerk-Van Lynden resigns 
Nov 9
American Chemical Society chartered in NY 
Nov 17
Gilbert and Sullivan's operette "Sorcerer" premieres in London 
Nov 21
Tom Edison announces his "talking machine" invention (phonograph) - first machine to play and record sound 
Nov 29
US inventor Thomas Edison demonstrates his hand-cranked phonograph for the first time 
Dec 2
Camille Saint-Saëns' opera "Samson et Dalila" premieres in Weimar 
Dec 6
1st sound recording made (Thomas Edison
Dec 6
Washington Post publishes 1st edition 
Dec 7
Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph (gramophone) to the editors of "Scientific American" 
Dec 15
Thomas Edison patents phonograph 
Dec 16
Anton Bruckner's 3rd Symphony in D, premieres 
Dec 22
"American Bicycling Journal" begins publishing (Boston, Mass) 
Dec 26
Socialist Labor Party of North America holds 1st natl convention 
Dec 28
John Stevens, applies for a patent for his flour rolling mill 
Dec 30
Johnannes Brahms' 2nd Symphony in D, premieres in Vienna 
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