Today in History - Historical Events - 1876

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Notable Historical Events - 1876

1876Republicans pick Rutherford B. Hayes as US presidental candidate

1876Alexander Graham Bell patents telephone

18761st telephone call made (Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson)

1876Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's patriotic Slavonic March made its premiere in Moscow to a warm reception by the Russian people.

18767th US Cavalry under General George Armstrong Custer leaves Ft Lincoln

1876Pres Rutherford B. Hayes & Samuel J Tilden claim presidential victory Tilden (D) wins election but Electoral college selects Hayes (R)

1876Thomas Edison patents mimeograph

1876Battle of the Little Bighorn: 7th Cavalry under Lieutenant Colonel (sometime Brevet Major General) George Armstrong Custer wiped out by Sioux and Cheyenne, Custer killed

1876 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
The Reichsbank opens in Berlin. 
Jan 31
The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations. 
Feb 2
Baseball's National League forms with teams in Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Hartford, Louisville, New York, Philadelphia, St Louis 
Feb 3
Albert Spalding with $800 starts sporting goods co, manufacturing 1st official baseball, tennis ball, basketball, golf ball, & football 
Feb 7
Pres Grants private-secretary Orville acquitted in Whiskey Ring 
Feb 12
Al Spalding opens his sporting good shop 
Feb 14
A G Bell & Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor 
Feb 15
Historic Elm at Boston blown down 
Feb 17
Sardines 1st canned (Julius Wolff-Eastport, Maine) 
Feb 18
Direct telegraph link established between Britain & New Zealand 
Feb 22
Johns Hopkins University opens 
Feb 24
Henrik Ibsen's "Peer Gynt," premieres in Oslo 
Mar 1
Guernsey Cattle Club forms (Farmington Conn) 
Mar 4
US Congress decides to impeach Minister of War Belknap 
Mar 7
Alexander Graham Bell patents telephone 
Mar 7
Battle at Gura: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians 
Mar 10
1st telephone call made (Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson) 
Mar 16
Nelly Saunders & Rose Harland fight 1st female boxing match (NY) 
Mar 17
1st record high jump over 6' (Marshall Jones Brooks) 
Mar 17
Gen Crook destroy Cheyennes & Oglala-Sioux indian camps 
Mar 25
Glasgow 1st soccer match Scotland-Wales (4-0) 
Apr 1
1st official NL baseball game (Boston-6, Phila-5) 
Apr 2
Philadelphia A's & Boston Red Caps play 1st NL game, in Phila 
Apr 8
Amiliare Ponchielli's opera "La Gioconda" premieres in Milan 
Apr 11
Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks organizes 
Apr 11
Sir Charles Gordon ends religious tolerance in Sudan 
Apr 18
Daniel O'Leary completes a 500 mile walk in 139 hrs 32 min 
Apr 22
1st NL game, Boston Braves beat Phila Athletics 6-5 
Apr 22
Tsjaikovsky completes his "Swan Lake" ballet 
Apr 22
Phila Nationals Wes Fisler scores baseball's 1st run 
Apr 25
Chicago Cubs 1st NL game, beats Louisville 4-0 (1st NL shutout) 
May 2
Ross Barnes hit 1st home run in National League 
May 2
The April Uprising breaks out in Bulgaria. 
May 10
Centennial Fair opens in Philadelphia 
May 13
Amersfoort-Zutphen railway opens 
May 15
2nd Kentucky Derby: Bobby Swim aboard Vagrant wins in 2:38.25 
May 17
7th US Cavalry under General George Armstrong Custer leaves Ft Lincoln 
May 23
1st NL no-hitter (Joe Borden, Boston) 
May 25
1st tie in NL history (Athletics & Louisville, 2-2 in 14) 
May 25
4th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Shirley wins in 2:44.75 
May 26
HMS Challenger returns from 128,000-km oceanographic exploration 
May 30
Ottoman sultan Abd-ul-Aziz is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murat V. 
Jun 2
Hristo Botev, a Bulgarian poet and national revolutionary, is killed in Stara Planina 
Jun 3
Lacrosse introduced in Britain & Canada 
Jun 4
An express train called the Transcontinental Express arrives in San Francisco, California, via the First Transcontinental Railroad only 83 hours and 39 minutes after having left New York City. 
Jun 5
Bananas become popular in US, at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia 
Jun 10
10th Belmont: William Donohue aboard Algerine wins in 2:40.5 
Jun 11
Republicans pick Rutherford B. Hayes as US presidental candidate 
Jun 14
1st player to hit for cycle (George Hall, Phila Athletics) 
Jun 14
California Street Cable Car Railroad Co gets its franchise 
Jun 15
Sara Spencer (R) is 1st woman to address a US presidential convention 
Jun 15
Tsunamis after earthquake floods NE coast of Japan, kills 28,000 
Jun 17
1st to hit 2 HRs; & score 5 runs in 9 inn NL game (George Hall, A's) 
Jun 17
Battle of Rosebud/Battle Where Girl Saved Her Brother 
Jun 25
Battle of the Little Bighorn: 7th Cavalry under Lieutenant Colonel (sometime Brevet Major General) George Armstrong Custer wiped out by Sioux and Cheyenne, Custer killed 
Jun 27
1st NLer to get 6 hits in 9 inn game (Dave Force, Phila Athletics) 
Jun 27
Democratic Party elects Samuel Tilden as US presidential candidate 
Jun 30
Serbia declares war on Turkey 
Jul 3
Montenegro declares war on Turkey 
Jul 4
1st public exhibition of electric light in SF 
Jul 4
Batholdi visits Bedloe Island, future home of his Statue of Liberty 
Jul 8
White terrorists attack Black Republicans in Hamburg SC, killing 5 
Jul 9
Black landowner murdered in Hamburg SC 
Jul 13
29th US Postmaster General: James N Tyner of Ind takes office 
Jul 15
Baseball's 1st no-hitter, St Louis' George W Bradley no-hits Hartford 
Jul 20
1st US intercollegiate track meet held, Saratoga, NY; Princeton wins 
Jul 31
US Coast Guard officers' training school established (New Bedford MA) 
Aug 1
Colorado becomes 38th state of the Union 
Aug 8
Dan O'Leacy completes 500 mile walk in 139h32m 
Aug 8
Thomas Edison patents mimeograph 
Aug 10
1st phone call between Brantford & Paris, Canada 
Aug 12
Madeline (US) beats Countess Dufferin (Canada) in 4th America's Cup 
Aug 13
The Bayreuth Festspielhaus opens with the first complete performance of Richard Wagner's Ring Cycle 
Aug 14
Prairie View State University forms 
Aug 15
US law removes Indians from Black Hills after gold find 
Aug 16
Opera "Siegfried" premieres in Bayreuth 
Aug 17
Wagner's opera "Götterdämmerung" premieres in Bayreuth 
Aug 24
Riot abolishes fairs in Amsterdam, 2 killed 
Aug 31
Ottoman sultan Murat V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid II. 
Sep 6
Race riot in Charleston SC 
Sep 6
Southern Pacific line from LA to SF completed 
Sep 7
Bank robbery by James/Younger fails (Cole/Bob/Jim Younger arrested) 
Sep 12
King Leopold II opens Congo-conference 
Sep 14
Henry Morton Stanley's expedition leaves Rwanda 
Sep 14
Leopold II closes Congo-conference 
Sep 17
Race riots in SC 
Sep 19
1st carpet sweeper patented (Melville Bissell of Grand Rapids, Mich) 
Sep 19
Talks begin to set up a football club in Ottawa 
Sep 20
Ottawa Football Club forms 
Sep 23
Ottawa Rough Riders play their 1st game 
Sep 26
1st Belgian parachute jump (Glorieux) 
Oct 6
American Library Association organized in Philadelphia 
Oct 9
1st 2-way telephone conversation, 1st over outdoor wires 
Oct 16
Race riot at Cainhoy SC (5 whites & 1 black killed) 
Oct 17
Henry Morton Stanley's reaches Lualaba River 
Oct 23
New Orleans Mint reopens as an assay office 
Oct 26
President sends federal troops to SC 
Oct 31
Great Backerganj Cyclone of 1876 ravages British India (Modern-day Bangladesh), resulting in over 200,000 human deaths. 
Nov 1
King Willem III opens North Sea Canal (Amsterdam-IJmuiden) 
Nov 1
New Zealand's provincial government system is dissolved. 
Nov 4
John Brahms' 1st Symphony in C premieres 
Nov 5
Henry Morton Stanley's expedition leaves Nyangwe 
Nov 7
Edward Bouchet, is 1st black to receive a PhD from a US college (Yale) 
Nov 7
Meharry Medical College forms at Central Tennesse College 
Nov 7
Pres Rutherford B. Hayes & Samuel J Tilden claim presidential victory Tilden (D) wins election but Electoral college selects Hayes (R) 
Nov 17
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's patriotic Slavonic March made its premiere in Moscow to a warm reception by the Russian people. 
Nov 21
Skirmish between HM Stanley's expedition & natives 
Nov 23
Columbia, Harvard & Princeton form Intercollegiate Football Association 
Nov 25
Indian Wars: In retaliation for the American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops sack Chief Dull Knife's sleeping Cheyenne village at the headwaters of the Powder River. 
Dec 5
Daniel Stillson (Mass) patents 1st practical pipe wrench 
Dec 5
Fire at Brooklyn Theater kills 295, trampled or burned to death 
Dec 6
1st crematorium in US begins operation, Washington, Penn 
Dec 6
City of Anaheim incorporated for 2nd time 
Dec 6
US Electorial College picks Rep Hayes as pres (although Tilden won) 
Dec 7
NY Mutuals & Phila A's expelled from NL for not completing sked 
Dec 8
Suriname begins compulsory education for 7-12 years 
Dec 23
Turkey's 1st constitution proclaimed 
Dec 29
11 passenger cars crash in a ravine near Ashtabula Ohio, 92 die 
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