Today in History - Historical Events - 1875

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Notable Historical Events - 1875

1875The first performance of the Piano Concerto No. 1 by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is given in Boston, Massachusetts with Hans von Bülow as soloist.

1875Jesse James robs train in Otterville Missouri

1875Alexander Graham Bell makes first sound transmission

1875Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres (Paris)

1875 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 5
Charles Garnier's new Opera opens in Paris 
Jan 5
President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Miss 
Jan 12
Kwang-su becomes emperor of China. 
Jan 24
Camille Saint-Saëns' "Danse Macabre," premieres 
Jan 25
Anti-slavery society forms (NY) 
Jan 26
Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green 
Feb 24
The SS Gothenburg hits the Great Barrier Reef and sinks off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100, including a number of high profile civil servants and dignitaries. 
Feb 25
Kiowa Indians under Lone Wolf (Guipago) surrender at Ft Sill 
Mar 1
Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883 
Mar 3
1st recorded hockey game (Montreal) 
Mar 3
Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years 
Mar 3
Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres (Paris) 
Mar 14
Smetana's "Vysehrad" premieres 
Mar 15
1st US cardinal (John McCloskey) invested 
Apr 17
Snooker invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain 
Apr 25
Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3") 
May 1
238 members of "Whiskey Ring" accused of anti-US activities 
May 1
Alexandra Palace, London, reopens after being burnt down in 1873 
May 7
German SS Schiller sinks near Scilly Islands, 312 killed 
May 11
George "Charmer" Zettlein pitches the 1st 9 inning shutout 
May 12
1st recorded shutout in pro baseball, Chicago 1, St Louis 0 
May 16
Quake in Venezuela & Colombia kills 16,000 
May 17
1st Kentucky Derby: Oliver Lewis aboard Aristides wins in 2:37.75 
May 20
International Bureau of Weights & Measures forms by treaty 
May 28
3rd Preakness: L Hughes aboard Tom Ochiltree wins in 2:43.5 
May 31
Reciprocity Treaty between US & Hawaii ratified 
Jun 2
James Augustine Healey became 1st Black Catholic Bishop in US 
Jun 2
Alexander Graham Bell makes first sound transmission 
Jun 4
Pacific Stock Exchange opens 
Jun 5
Pacific Stock Exchange formally opens in San Francisco 
Jun 6
Netherlands goes on the gold standard 
Jun 7
California Rifle and Pistol Association founded 
Jun 12
9th Belmont: Bobby Swim aboard Calvin wins in 2:42.25 
Jun 19
Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio 
Jun 19
The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins. 
Jun 22
Garonne Flood: great damage in Verdun & Toulouse, kills about 1,000 
Jul 1
Universal Postal Union established 
Jul 4
White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg 
Jul 7
Jesse James robs train in Otterville Missouri 
Jul 19
Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick kids, makes trial trip, NYC 
Aug 2
1st roller skating rink opens (London) 
Aug 14
Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl 
Aug 22
The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands. 
Aug 25
Matthew Webb becomes 1st to swim English Channel (21h 45m) 
Sep 1
A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband. 
Sep 9
Lotta's Fountain (Kearny & Market) dedicated 
Sep 11
1st newspaper cartoon strip 
Sep 29
US-Spanish relations decline in wake of Cuban rebellion 
Oct 5
Palace Hotel on Market Street, SF opens 
Oct 16
1st Quebec vs Ontario football game, Ontario wins 
Oct 16
Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah. 
Oct 22
Sons of American Revolution organizes 
Oct 22
First telegraphic connection in Argentina. 
Oct 25
The first performance of the Piano Concerto No. 1 by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is given in Boston, Massachusetts with Hans von Bülow as soloist. 
Nov 2
Verney Cameroon reaches Benguela Angola, from Africa's east coast 
Nov 4
Passenger Steamship "Pacific" collides with sailing vessel "Orpheus" off Cape Flattery Wash, 236 die 
Nov 4
Tonga adopts constitution 
Nov 4
Massachusetts Rifle Association is founded in Boston 
Nov 7
Verney Cameron is 1st European to cross equitorial Africa 
Nov 13
Harvard-Yale game is 1st college football contest with uniforms 
Nov 13
National Bowling Association organized in NYC 
Nov 16
Battle of Gundet: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians 
Nov 16
William Bonwill, patents dental mallet to impact gold into cavities 
Nov 17
Amer Theosophical Society founded by Mme Blavatsky & Col Olcott 
Nov 28
British explorer Verney Cameron reaches East Africa 
Dec 4
William Marcy "Boss" Tweed (NYC-Tammany Hall) escapes from jail 
Dec 6
44th Congress (1875-77) convenes 
Dec 7
Natives Sons of the West organized 
Dec 8
Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Volki i Ovsty" premieres in St Petersburg 
Dec 17
Violent bread riots in Montreal 
Dec 25
Lambs Club in NY forms 
Dec 30
Andrassy Note calls for Christian-Muslim religious freedoms 
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