Today in History - Historical Events - 1874

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Notable Historical Events - 1874

1874Benjamin Disraeli succeeds William Gladstone as British premier

1874Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie Kansas

18741st cartoon depicting elephant as Republican Party symbol, by Thomas Nast

1874Dr David Livingstone's body arrives in Southampton

1874David Livingstone, African explorer, buried in Westminster Abbey

1874Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri

1874 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
New York City annexes the Bronx 
Jan 13
Battle between jobless & police in NYC, 100s injuried 
Jan 13
US troops land in Honolulu to protect the king 
Jan 14
I D Shadd elected Speaker of lower house of Miss legislature 
Jan 17
Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction 
Jan 21
Franz Grillparzer's "Libussa," premieres in Vienna 
Jan 24
Gen J van Swieten conquerors Kraton Atjeh, after thousands die 
Jan 24
Mussorgsky's opera "Boris Godunov," premieres in St Petersburg 
Jan 31
Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri 
Feb 12
King David Kalakaua of Sandwich Is Hawaii, is 1st king to visit US 
Feb 21
Benjamin Disraeli succeeds William Gladstone as British premier 
Feb 21
Oakland Daily Tribune begins publication 
Feb 23
Mjr Walter Winfield patents game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis) 
Feb 27
Baseball 1st played in England, at Lord's Cricket Grounds 
Mar 2
Baseball batter's box is officially adopted 
Mar 10
Purdue University (Indiana) admits its 1st student 
Mar 18
Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights. 
Mar 22
Young Men's Hebrew Association organizes in NYC 
Apr 5
Johann Strauss Jr's opera "Die Fledermaus" premieres in Vienna 
Apr 5
Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, is opened in Birkenhead, England. Designed by Joseph Paxton 
Apr 15
NY legislature passes compulsory education law 
Apr 16
Dr David Livingstone's body arrives in Southampton 
Apr 18
David Livingstone, African explorer, buried in Westminster Abbey 
Apr 19
Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire 
Apr 27
White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms 
May 5
Dutch 2nd Chamber passes child labor law 
May 9
Victoria Embankment, in London opens 
May 9
The first horse-drawn bus makes its début in the city of Mumbai, plying two routes. 
May 12
US Assay Office in Helena, Montana, authorized 
May 13
Pope Pius IX encyclical "On Greek-Ruthenian rite" 
May 14
1st admission charge at a football game, Harvard beats Uni of McGill (Montreal) 3-0 
May 16
1st recorded dam disaster in US (Williamsburg, Mass) 
May 26
2nd Preakness: William Donohue aboard Culpepper wins in 2:56.5 
May 29
Present constitution of Switzerland takes effect 
Jun 13
8th Belmont: G Barbee aboard Saxon wins in 2:39.5 
Jun 20
1st US Lifesaving Medal awarded (Lucian Clemons) 
Jun 22
Dr Andrew T Still, discovers the science of osteopathy 
Jun 22
Game of lawn tennis introduced 
Jun 28
Freedmen's Bank closes 
Jun 29
Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis publishes a manifesto in the Athens daily Kairoi entitled "Who's to Blame?" in which he lays out his complaints against King George. He is elected Prime Minister of Greece the next year. 
Jul 1
1st Chamber accept law against child labor 
Jul 1
1st US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000 
Jul 1
1st US zoo opens (Philadelphia) 
Jul 4
Social Democratic Workmen's Party of North America formed 
Jul 7
27th Postmaster General: James W Marshall of NJ takes office 
Jul 8
The Mounties (North West Mounted Police) begin their March West from Fort Dufferin 
Jul 12
Ontario Agricultural College founded 
Jul 12
Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure "Gloria Scott" (BG) 
Jul 23
Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed the Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa. 
Jul 29
Major Walter Copton Wingfield patents a portable tennis court 
Jul 30
1st baseball teams to play outside US, Boston-Phila in British Isles 
Jul 31
Patrick Francis Healy, SJ, inaugurated as pres of Georgetown U 
Aug 5
Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in England. 
Aug 11
Harry S Parmelee patents sprinkler head 
Aug 26
16 blacks lynched in Tennessee 
Sep 1
28th Postmaster General: Marshall Jewell of Conn takes office 
Sep 1
Sydney General Post Office opens in Australia 
Sep 3
The congress of the state of México elevates Naucalpan to the category of Villa, with the title of "Villa de Juárez". 
Sep 12
1874 The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded. 
Sep 26
1st Grand International Rifle match held 
Oct 1
Rotterdam opens drinking water pipes 
Oct 9
World Postal Union forms in Bern Switzerland 
Oct 10
Fiji becomes a British possession 
Oct 15
Child labor law takes 12 year olds out of work force 
Nov 3
James Theodore Holly, elected bishop of Haiti 
Nov 4
Samuel J Tilden elected governor of NY 
Nov 7
1st cartoon depicting elephant as Republican Party symbol, by Thomas Nast 
Nov 17
Emigrant ship Cospatrick catches fire & sinks off Auckland, NZ 
Nov 18
National Woman's Christian Temperance Union organizes in Cleveland 
Nov 24
Joseph F Glidden patents barbed wire 
Nov 25
The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873. 
Dec 8
Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie Kansas 
Dec 15
1st reigning king to visit US (of Hawaii) received by Pres Grant 
Dec 24
Pope Pius IX proclaims a jubilee for 1875 
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