Today in History - Historical Events - 1873

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Notable Historical Events - 1873

1873Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis patent first blue jeans with copper rivets

1873Jesse James & James Younger gang's 1st train robbery (Adair Iowa)

1873Henry Ossian Flipper of Georgia one of the first African Americans enters West Point Military Academy

1873Due to the fallout from the Pacific Scandal, John A. Macdonald resigns as Prime Minister of Canada

1873Indian Wars: whilst protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, the United States 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, clashes for the first time with the Sioux (near the Tongue River; only one man on each side is killed).

1873French poet Paul Verlaine wounds Arthur Rimbaud with pistol

1873 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
Origin of Japanese Era 
Jan 6
Pope Pius IX encyclical "On the Church in Armenia" 
Jan 6
US Congress begins investigating Crédit Mobilier scandal 
Jan 11
1st livestock market newspaper published, Drover's Journal, Chicago 
Jan 13
P B S Pinchback relinquishes office at Louisiana governor 
Jan 14
"Celluloid" registered as a trademark 
Jan 14
P B S Pinchback elected to Senate 
Jan 17
A group of Modoc warriors defeat the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, a part of the Modoc War. 
Jan 22
British SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness, England, 300 die 
Feb 11
Spanish Cortes fires king Amadeus I 
Feb 12
Congress abolishes bimetallism & authorizes $1 & $3 gold coins 
Feb 20
University of California gets its 1st Med School (UC/SF) 
Feb 27
Dutch socialist Samuel van Wooden demands law against child labor 
Mar 1
E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter. 
Mar 3
US Congress authorizes federal departmental postage stamps 
Mar 3
US Congress & government raise own salary, retroactively 
Mar 3
Censorship: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail. 
Mar 22
Slavery is abolished in Puerto Rico 
Apr 1
British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die 
Apr 1
Mehmed Kemals play "Vatan" premeres in Constantinople 
Apr 13
Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed) 
May 1
1st US postal card issued 
May 1
Emperor Franz Jozef opens 5th World's Exposition in Vienna 
May 7
US marines attack Panama 
May 9
Der Krach: Vienna stock market crash heralds the Long Depression. 
May 12
Oscar II of Sweden-Norway is crowned King of Sweden. 
May 20
Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis patent first blue jeans with copper rivets 
May 23
1st Preakness: G Barbee aboard Survivor wins in 2:43 
May 23
Canada's North West Mounted Police Force forms 
May 23
Postal cards sold in SF for 1st time 
May 24
Leo Delibes' opera "Le Roi l'a Dit" premieres in Paris 
Jun 2
Construction begins on Clay St (SF) for world's 1st cable railroad 
Jun 4
1st contract workers of British-Indies Co arrives in Suriname 
Jun 5
Sultan Bargash closes slave market of Zanzibar 
Jun 7
7th Belmont: James Roe aboard Springbok wins in 3:01.75 
Jun 9
Alexandra Palace burnt down, after being open for only 16 days. 
Jun 16
Pres Grant decrees Wallowa Valley for Nez-Perce indians 
Jun 18
Susan B. Anthony fined $100 for voting for President 
Jun 22
Prince Edward Island joins Canada 
Jul 1
Henry Ossian Flipper of Georgia one of the first African Americans enters West Point Military Academy 
Jul 1
Prince Edward Island becomes 7th Canadian province 
Jul 4
Aquarium opens in Woodward Gardens 
Jul 10
French poet Paul Verlaine wounds Arthur Rimbaud with pistol 
Jul 21
Jesse James & James Younger gang's 1st train robbery (Adair Iowa) 
Aug 1
SF's 1st cable car begins service 
Aug 2
1st trial run of SF cable car, Clay Street between Kearny & Jones 
Aug 4
Indian Wars: whilst protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, the United States 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, clashes for the first time with the Sioux (near the Tongue River; only one man on each side is killed). 
Aug 14
"Field & Stream" begins publishing 
Aug 18
1st ascent of Mount Whitney, California (14,494') 
Aug 23
Albert Bridge creossing Thames opens 
Aug 26
First free kindergarten in the U.S. started by Susan Blow in Carondelet, a suburb of St. Louis, Missouri 
Aug 30
Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea. 
Sep 1
Cetshwayo ascends to the throne as king of the Zulu nation following the death of his father Mpande. 
Sep 6
Regular Cable Car service begins on Clay Street 
Sep 15
Last German troops leave France 
Sep 16
German troops leave France 
Sep 17
19 students attend opening class at Ohio State University 
Sep 18
Government bond agent Jay Cooke & Co collapses, causing panic on Wall St, the start of the panic of 1873 and the Long depression 
Sep 20
Panic sweeps NY Stock Exchange (railroad bond default/bank failure) NY shut banks for 10 days due to a bank scandal 
Sep 23
Tom Allen beats Mike McCale for Heavyweight Boxing title 
Oct 3
Captain Jack and companions are hanged for their part in the Modoc War. 
Oct 4
Toronto Argonaut Football Club forms 
Oct 8
First women's prison run by women opens at Indiana Reformatory Institute 
Oct 11
Toronto Argonaut Football Club 1st game losing to U of Toronto 
Oct 18
1st football game between Toronto Argonauts & Hamilton Tigers 
Oct 18
Columbia Princeton Rutgers & Yale set rules for collegiate football 
Oct 20
P T Barnum Hippodrome featuring "Greatest Show on Earth," opens (NYC) 
Oct 30
P T Barnum's circus, "Greatest Show on Earth", debuts (New York City) 
Nov 4
Dentist John Beers of SF patents gold crown 
Nov 5
Due to the fallout from the Pacific Scandal, John A. Macdonald resigns as Prime Minister of Canada 
Nov 7
Alexander Mackenzie becomes the second Prime Minister of Canada, succeeding John A. Macdonald 
Nov 12
Bay District Race Track opens 
Nov 19
William Marcy "Boss" Tweed, of Tammany Hall (NYC) convicted of defrauding city of $6M, sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment 
Nov 20
Rival cities of Buda & Pest unite to form the capital of Hungary 
Dec 6
1st international football game in US: Yale 2, Eton (England) 1 
Dec 30
American Metrological Society forms (NYC) weights, measures & money 
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