Today in History - Historical Events - 1872

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Notable Historical Events - 1872

1872Karl Marx speaks in Amsterdam

1872George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains

1872Suffragette Susan Brownell Anthony is arrested by a U.S. Deputy Marshal and charged with illegally voting

1872Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500)

1872Louis Riel goes into voluntary exile in St. Paul, Minnesota

1872Ulysses S. Grant re-elected US President

1872 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 3
1st patent list issued by US Patent Office 
Jan 12
Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years. 
Jan 20
California Stock Exchange Board organized 
Jan 29
Francis L Cardoza elected State Treasurer of South Carolina 
Feb 7
Alcorn A & M College opens 
Feb 14
1st state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt CA) 
Feb 20
Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin 
Feb 20
Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags 
Feb 20
Metropolitan Museum of Art opens (NYC) 
Feb 20
Silas Noble & JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine 
Feb 22
1st national convention of Prohibition Party (Columbus Ohio) 
Feb 27
Charlotte Ray, 1st Black woman lawyer, graduated Howard University 
Mar 1
Yellowstone becomes world's 1st national park 
Mar 2
Louis Riel goes into voluntary exile in St. Paul, Minnesota 
Mar 5
George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains 
Mar 7
-8°F (-22°C ) in Boston, MA 
Mar 11
Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain. 
Mar 11
The Meiji Japanese government officially annexes the Ryukyu Kingdom into what would become the Okinawa prefecture. 
Mar 16
1st FA Cup Final: Wanderers-Royal Engineers 1-0 in Bolton 
Mar 22
Illinois becomes 1st state to require sexual equality in employment 
Mar 26
7.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California 
Mar 26
Thomas J Martin patents fire extinguisher 
Apr 1
1st edition of The Standard 
Apr 2
George B Brayton patents gasoline powered engine 
Apr 9
Samuel R Percy patents dried milk 
Apr 10
1st National black convention meets in New Orleans 
Apr 10
1st Arbor Day celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to Apr 22 
Apr 12
Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500) 
Apr 14
Dominion Lands Act passed-Canada's Homestead Act 
Apr 14
San Francisco organizes Bar Association 
Apr 20
SF Bar Association organized 
Apr 24
Volcano Vesuvius erupts 
May 10
Victoria Woodhull becomes 1st woman nominated for US presidency by Equal Rights Party at Apollo Hall, NYC 
May 16
Metropolitan Gas Company lamps lit for 1st time 
May 17
Bohemian Club incorporated in San Francisco 
May 22
Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500) 
Jun 1
6th Belmont: James Roe aboard Joe Daniels wins in 2:58.25 
Jun 5
Republican National Convention meets (Phila) 
Jun 8
Congress endorses penny post card 
Jun 14
Trade unions are legalised in Canada. 
Jun 18
Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall 
Jul 9
Doughnut cutter patents by John Blondel, Thomaston, Me 
Jul 18
The Ballot Act introduces the secret ballot in elections in Britain; previously votes were made openly. 
Jul 30
Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy 
Aug 18
1st mail-order catalog issued by A M Ward 
Aug 23
1st Japanese coml ship visits SF, carrying tea 
Sep 10
Karl Marx speaks in Amsterdam 
Sep 14
Britain pays US$15½m for damages during Civil War 
Sep 17
Phillip W Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires 
Sep 18
King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway. 
Sep 21
John Henry Conyers of SC becomes 1st black student at Annapolis 
Sep 24
Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Bruderzwist in Habsburg" premieres in Vienna 
Sep 26
The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) was established in New York City. 
Sep 29
"3 Fingers" Mackenzie destroys Kwahadi-Commanche village 
Sep 29
Kiowa-chief Lone Wolf captures Satanta & Big Tree 
Oct 2
Morgan State University founded 
Oct 3
Bloomingdale's department store in NY opens 
Oct 9
Aaron Montgomery started his mail-order business 
Oct 12
Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie 
Oct 19
World's largest gold nugget (215 kg) found in New South Wales 
Oct 29
J S Risdon patents metal windmill 
Nov 5
American women's right to vote advocate Susan B. Anthony votes for Ulysses S. Grant 
Nov 5
Ulysses S. Grant re-elected US President 
Nov 7
Cargo ship Mary Celeste sails from Staten Island for Genoa; mysteriously found abandoned 4 weeks later. 
Nov 9
The Great Boston Fire of 1872. Close to 1,000 buildings destroyed 
Nov 18
American suffragette Susan B Anthony is arrested after voting on the 5th November in Rochester NY 
Nov 18
Suffragette Susan Brownell Anthony is arrested by a U.S. Deputy Marshal and charged with illegally voting 
Nov 19
E.D. Barbour of Boston is awarded the first U.S. patent for the first 'calculator', an adding machine capable of printing totals and subtotals 
Nov 22
Franz Grillparzer's "Die Judin von Toledo" premieres in Prague 
Nov 29
Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River. 
Nov 30
First international soccer game, Scotland-England 0-0 (Glasgow) 
Dec 4
The ship the Mary Celeste discovered mysteriously abandoned by her crew in the Atlantic Ocean 
Dec 7
HMS Challenger sets sail on 3½ year world oceanographic cruise 
Dec 11
1st black US govenor took office, Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback (La) 
Dec 26
4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18") 
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