Today in History - Historical Events - 1871

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Notable Historical Events - 1871

1871Otto Von Bismarck elevated to rank of Fürst (Prince)

18712nd German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I & Bismarck

1871Jesse James & his gang robs Obocock Bank (Corydon Iowa), of $15,000

1871Brigham Young, mormon leader, arrested for bigamy

1871Jesse James robs bank in Corydon, Iowa ($45,000)

1871Henry Morton Stanley encounters David Livingstone at Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika in Central Africa, with the immortal words 'Dr Livingstone, I presume?'

1871 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
Belgium disbands salt tax 
Jan 2
King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25 
Jan 3
Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, NY 
Jan 16
Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman 
Jan 17
1st cable car patented, by Andrew S Hallidie (begins service in 1873) 
Jan 18
2nd German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I & Bismarck 
Jan 19
1st Negro lodge of US Masons approved, New Jersey 
Jan 26
British Rugby Union forms 
Jan 26
US income tax repealed 
Jan 28
Paris surrenders to Prussians 
Jan 31
Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkening the sky 
Feb 1
Jefferson Long of Georgia is 1st black to make an official speech in House of Reps (opposing leniency to former Confederates) 
Feb 9
Federal fish protection office authorized by Congress 
Feb 27
Meeting of Alabama claims commission 
Feb 28
2nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections 
Mar 1
J Milton Turner named minister to Liberia 
Mar 3
US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent 
Mar 3
US Congress establishes the civil service system 
Mar 16
1st fertilizer law enacted 
Mar 17
National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized 
Mar 18
Communards revolt in Paris 
Mar 21
Journalist Henry M Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa 
Mar 21
Otto Von Bismarck elevated to rank of Fürst (Prince) 
Mar 22
William Holden of NC becomes 1st governor removed by impeachment 
Mar 26
Paris Commune founded 
Mar 27
1st international rugby game-Scotland 1, England 0 
Mar 28
SF Art Association holds open reception at 430 Pine 
Mar 29
Royal Albert Hall opened by Queen Victoria in London 
Apr 10
William Hammond Hall's maps & surveys of Golden Gate Park accepted 
Apr 14
Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, & mills 
Apr 16
German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions 
Apr 20
3rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus) 
Apr 23
Blossom Rock in SF Bay blown up 
Apr 30
The Camp Grant Massacre of Apaches in Arizona Territory, perpetrated by white & Mexican adventurers; 144 die 
May 4
1st baseball league game (National Association of Baseball Players), (Ft Wayne 2, Cleveland 0) Deacon Jim White gets 1st hit, a double 
May 8
British-US treaty ends Alabama dispute 
May 10
Peace of Frankfurt-am-Main concluded between France & Germany ends Franco-Prussian war 
May 12
Segregated street cars integrated in Louisville, Ky 
May 17
Indian fighter General William T. Sherman escapes Comanches in an ambulance 
May 21
-July 28] French regular troops attack Commune of Paris; 17,000 die 
May 28
Paris communards revolt put down 
Jun 3
Jesse James & his gang robs Obocock Bank (Corydon Iowa), of $15,000 
Jun 10
5th Belmont: W Miller aboard Harry Basset wins in 2:56 
Jun 10
Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea. 
Jun 13
Hurricane kills 300 in Labrador 
Jun 15
Phoebe Couzins is 1st woman graduate of a US collegiate law school 
Jun 16
Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of Mystic Shrine founded, NYC 
Jun 16
The University Tests Act allows students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests, except for courses in theology. 
Jun 20
Ku Klux Klan trials began in federal court in Oxford Miss 
Jun 30
Guatemala revolts for agrarian reforms 
Jul 1
The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada 
Jul 3
Jesse James robs bank in Corydon, Iowa ($45,000) 
Jul 5
Trial against Kiowa chief Satanta (White Bear) & Big Tree, begins 
Jul 20
British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada. 
Jul 25
Carousel patents by Wilhelm Schneider, Davenport, Iowa 
Aug 29
Emperor Meiji orders the Abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration. (Traditional Japanese date: July 14, 1871). 
Sep 7
Bay of Biscay: British warship HMS Captain capsizes, 500 killed 
Sep 17
Mont Cenis railway tunnel Switzerland opens 
Sep 20
Bishop John Coleridge Patteson martyred on the island of Nukapu, a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. He was the first bishop of Melanesia. 
Oct 1
General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht 
Oct 2
Brigham Young, mormon leader, arrested for bigamy 
Oct 6
Fisk Jubilee Singers begin 1st national tour 
Oct 7
16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters 
Oct 8
Gas explosion destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin 
Oct 8
Great Fire kills 200, destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of Chicago buildings, & original Emancipation Proclamation 
Oct 11
Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed 
Oct 12
US President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan 
Oct 13
The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York. 
Oct 17
Great Britain annexes Griqualand South Africa 
Oct 17
President Grant suspends writ of habeas corpus during US Civil War 
Oct 21
1st US amateur outdoor athletic games (NY) 
Oct 23
Columbia & Sappho (US) beat Livonia (UK) in 3rd America's Cup 
Oct 24
Mob in Los Angeles hangs 18 Chinese 
Oct 27
Boss Tweed (William Macy Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, arrested after NY Times exposed his corruption 
Oct 30
Phila Athletics beat Chicago for 1st Natl Association baseball pennant 
Oct 31
Founding of Netherland Protestant Union in Dokkum 
Nov 6
Cameroon reaches coast of Angola after trip through Africa 
Nov 10
Henry Morton Stanley encounters David Livingstone at Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika in Central Africa, with the immortal words 'Dr Livingstone, I presume?' 
Nov 21
Moses F Gale patents a cigar lighter (NYC) 
Nov 21
The first human cannonball, Emilio Onra, is shot 
Nov 23
Railway bridge over Dutch Deep opens 
Nov 24
National Rifle Association organized (NYC) 
Nov 28
Ku Klux Klan trials began in Federal District Court in South Carolina 
Dec 12
Jules Janssen discovers dark lines in solar corona spectrum 
Dec 19
Albert L Jones (NYC), patents corrugated paper 
Dec 24
Giusseppi Verdi's "Aida" premieres in Cairo, at the opening of the Suez canal 
Dec 26
Gilbert and Sullivan collaborate for the first time, on their lost opera, Thespis. It does modestly well, but the two would not collaborate again for four years. 
Dec 27
World's 1st cat show (Crystal Palace, London) 
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