Today in History - Historical Events - 1870

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Notable Historical Events - 1870

1870On command of Louis Riel, Thomas Scott is executed by a firing squad. Riel rejects all appeals and requests to intervene in an attempt to demonstrate to the Canadian government that the Metis must be taken seriously

1870Italian army under Victor Emmanuel II seizes Rome from the French

1870John D Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil

1870Hiram R. Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis

1870Hiram R. Revels, is sworn in as 1st black member of Congress (Sen-R-MS)

1870King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depeche" on Bismarck

1870 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 3
Construction begins on Brooklyn Bridge in New York; completed May 24, 1883 
Jan 6
The inauguration of the Musikverein (Vienna). 
Jan 8
US mint at Carson City, Nevada begins issuing coins 
Jan 10
Georgia legislature reconvenes 
Jan 10
John D Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil 
Jan 15
Donkey 1st used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper's Weekly 
Jan 16
Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War 
Jan 20
"City of Boston" vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard 
Jan 20
Hiram R. Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis 
Jan 23
173 Blackfoot (140 women & children) killed in Montana by US Army 
Jan 25
Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows 
Jan 26
Virginia rejoins US 
Jan 27
1st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw U in Greencastle, Indiana) 
Jan 27
After accepting 15th amendment, Virginia is readmitted to Union 
Jan 27
Manitoba & Northwest Territories incorporated 
Feb 2
Cardiff Giant (supposed petrified human) proved to be gypsum 
Feb 3
US state of Iowa ratifies the 15th Amendment of the United States Constitution allowing suffrage for all races & colour 
Feb 5
1st motion picture shown to a theater audience, Philadelphia 
Feb 9
US Army establishes US National Weather Service 
Feb 10
City of Anaheim incorporates (1st time) 
Feb 10
YWCA (Young Women's Christian Association) forms (NYC) 
Feb 12
Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada 
Feb 15
Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minn 
Feb 17
Esther Morris appointed 1st female judge 
Feb 17
Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War 
Feb 23
Mississippi is readmitted to US 
Feb 25
Hiram R. Revels, is sworn in as 1st black member of Congress (Sen-R-MS) 
Feb 26
1st NYC subway line opens (pneumatic powered) 
Feb 28
The Bulgarian Exarchate is established by decree of Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz of the Ottoman Empire. 
Mar 4
On command of Louis Riel, Thomas Scott is executed by a firing squad. Riel rejects all appeals and requests to intervene in an attempt to demonstrate to the Canadian government that the Metis must be taken seriously 
Mar 7
Cin Red Stockings, 1st pro BB team, begin 8-mo tour of Midwest & East 
Mar 14
California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible 
Mar 17
Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary 
Mar 18
1st US National Wildlife Preserve (Lake Meritt in Oakland California) 
Mar 19
The opera "Guarany" premieres in Milan 
Mar 30
15th Amendment to the US constitution is adopted, guarantees right to vote regardless of race 
Mar 30
Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union 
Mar 30
Florida territorial government established. 
Mar 31
1st black to vote in US (Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy NJ) 
Apr 4
Golden Gate Park forms by City Order #800 
Apr 9
American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves 
Apr 13
Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in NYC 
Apr 15
Last day US silver coins allow to circulate in Canada 
Apr 16
Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London 
Apr 27
Heinrich Schliemann discovers Troi 
May 10
Jem Mace & defends his heavyweight crown against Irish champ Joe Coburn, it lasts 1 hr & 17 minutes, & neither is struck by a punch 
May 12
Manitoba becomes a province of Canada 
May 20
Second Chamber of the Dutch Parliament abolishes capital punishment in The Netherlands 
May 24
Memoria of Jackson Kemper, 1st Missionary Bishop in US 
May 25
Irish Fenians raid Eccles Hill, Quebec 
May 31
Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks) 
May 31
E J DeSemdt patents asphalt pavement 
Jun 4
4th Belmont: W Dick aboard Kingfisher wins in 2:59.5 
Jun 5
Constantinople fire; 900 die 
Jun 9
Washington: Pres Grant meets with Sioux chief Red Cloud 
Jun 11
1st-stone Amstel Brewery opens in Amsterdam 
Jun 14
All-pro Cincinnati Red Stockings suffer 1st loss in 130 games 
Jun 22
1st Boardwalk in America invented 
Jun 22
US Congress creates Department of Justice 
Jun 25
Opera "Die Walküre (The Valkyrie)" is produced (Munich) 
Jun 26
1st section of Atlantic City (NJ) Boardwalk opens 
Jun 26
Wagner's opera "Valkyrie" premieres in Munich 
Jun 26
The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States. 
Jun 30
Ada Kepley becomes 1st female law college graduate 
Jul 1
James W Smith of SC is one of 1st African Americans to enter West Point 
Jul 2
Jules Joseph d'Anethan is elected the tenth Prime Minister of Belgium. 
Jul 8
US Congress authorizes registration of trademarks 
Jul 8
Gov Holden of NC declares Casswell County in a state of insurrection 
Jul 13
King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depeche" on Bismarck 
Jul 14
The United States Congress grants Mary Todd Lincoln a life pension in the amount of $3,000 a year 
Jul 15
Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to US 
Jul 15
Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province & NW Territories created 
Jul 15
Hudson's Bay & Northwest Territories transferred to Canada 
Jul 18
Pontifical infalliability proclaimed 
Jul 19
France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins 
Jul 23
Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France 
Jul 24
1st trans-US rail service begins 
Jul 30
Staten Island ferry "Westfield" burns, killing 100 
Jul 30
The Republic of Klipdrift is proclaimed by Transvaal President Andries Pretorius after the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1866 resulted in a flood of treasure hunters; ownership of the diamond fields was contested by the Boer republics 
Aug 1
Irish Land Act gives rights to tenants of landlords in Ireland. 
Aug 2
Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, opens in London. 
Aug 4
British Red Cross Society forms 
Aug 6
Battle at Spicheren: Prussia beats France 
Aug 6
White conservatives suppresed black vote & captured Tennessee legislature 
Aug 8
Magic (US) defeats Cambria (England) in 2nd running of America's Cup 
Aug 8
The Republic of Ploieşti, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania. 
Aug 15
Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado 
Aug 16
Fred Goldsmith demonstrates curve ball isn't an optical illusion 
Aug 17
1st ascent of Mt Rainier, Washington 
Aug 17
Mrs Esther Morris becomes 1st US woman magistrate (South Pass, Wyoming) 
Aug 18
Battle at Gravelotte Privat: Prussia beat France, 32,000 casualties 
Aug 24
The Wolseley Expedition reaches Manitoba to end the Red River Rebellion. 
Sep 1
Napoleon III captured at Sedan 
Sep 2
Napoleon III surrenders to Prussian armies 
Sep 4
The Third French Republic proclaimed as French overthrow Emperor Napoleon III (who ironically was the elected president of the Second French Republic) after his defeat by Prussia at Sedan 
Sep 6
Ship sinks in Gulf of Biscay; 483 die 
Sep 8
Netherlands & Britain sign "Koelietraktaat" Br-Indian contract work in Suriname 
Sep 10
Dutch Jurist Cooperation forms 
Sep 15
Dutch 1st Chamber abolishes Capital punishment (20-18) 
Sep 19
Siege of Paris by Prussian Forces begins (lasts until January 28 1871) 
Sep 20
Italian army under Victor Emmanuel II seizes Rome from the French 
Sep 20
Mayor William Tweed accused of robbing NY treasury 
Sep 20
Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel 
Oct 2
Italy annexes Rome & Papal States; Rome made Italian capital 
Oct 7
Leon Gambetta flees Paris in balloon 
Oct 9
Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree 
Oct 13
Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert 
Oct 19
1st African Americans (4) elected to US House of Representatives 
Oct 19
British steamship SS Cambria wrecked off the north-west of Ireland with the loss of 178 lives 
Oct 25
Pimlico Race Course opens in Baltimore 
Oct 25
Postcards first used in USA 
Nov 1
US Weather Bureau begins operations (24 locations) 
Nov 8
Democratic governor elected in Tennessee 
Nov 15
Bathe becomes member of Noordduitse Union 
Nov 16
Spanish Cortes selects King Amadeus I 
Nov 27
NY Times dubs baseball "The National Game" 
Nov 29
Compulsory education proclaimed in England 
Dec 6
Joseph H Rainey, 1st black in House of Reps (SC) 
Dec 12
Joseph Rainey (SC) became 1st black sworn into House of Reps 
Dec 22
Jules Janssen, flys in a balloon in order to study a solar eclipse 
Dec 26
The 12.8-km long Fréjus Rail Tunnel through the Alps is completed. 
Dec 31
J D Schneiter patents rocket mail in France, (not done) 
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