Today in History - Historical Events - 1869

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Notable Historical Events - 1869

1869Hiram R. Revels makes 1st official speech by an African American in the Senate

1869Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)

1869Franz Schubert's "4th Tragic," premieres

1869Ulysses Grant inaugurated as 18th US President

1869Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before US Congress

1869Louis Riel speaks at a meeting of Metis residents about rights, setting in motion the events now referred to as the Red River Rebellion

1869Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped

1869Richard Wagner's opera "Rhine Gold" premieres in Munich

1869 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 13
Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention meets in Wash DC 
Jan 18
Elegant California Theater opens in SF 
Jan 20
Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before US Congress 
Feb 2
James Oliver invents removable tempered steel plow blade 
Feb 3
Booth theater at 23rd & 6th opens in NYC (Romeo & Juliet) 
Feb 6
Harper's Weekly publishes 1st picture of Uncle Sam with chin whiskers 
Feb 15
Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped 
Feb 19
US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized 
Feb 20
Tennessee Governor W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis 
Feb 23
Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law 
Feb 26
15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states to ratify 
Feb 26
Franz Schubert's "4th Tragic," premieres 
Feb 27
John Menard is 1st black to make a speech in Congress 
Mar 1
Postage stamps showing scenes are issued for 1st time 
Mar 3
University of South Carolina opens to all races 
Mar 4
Ulysses Grant inaugurated as 18th US President 
Mar 6
Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society. 
Mar 13
Arkansas legislature passes anti-Ku Klux Klan law 
Mar 14
Defeat of Maori leader Titokowaru in New Zealand. 
Mar 15
Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team 
Mar 15
Cincinnati Red Stockings beat Antioch 41-7 
Mar 16
Hiram R. Revels makes 1st official speech by an African American in the Senate 
Apr 6
1st plastic, Celluloid, patented 
Apr 8
American Museum of Natural History opens (NYC) 
Apr 9
Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada 
Apr 10
Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9 
Apr 10
José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party. 
Apr 12
North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law 
Apr 13
Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse
Apr 16
Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti 
Apr 17
1st pro baseball games-Cin Reds 24, Cin amateurs 15 
Apr 18
1st international cricket match, held in SF, wins by Californian 
Apr 30
Hawaiian YMCA organized 
May 1
Folies Bergère opens in Paris 
May 4
The Naval Battle of Hakodate takes place in Japan. 
May 10
Golden Spike driven, completes Promontory Pt Ut-Transcontinental RR 
May 15
National Woman Suffrage Association forms in New York, founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton 
May 16
Cincinnati Reds play their 1st baseball game, win 41-7 
May 18
Surrender and dissolution of the Ezo Republic to Japan. 
May 26
Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 
Jun 1
Voting machine patented (Thomas A Edison) 
Jun 2
Cleveland's Forest City play their 1st game (vs Cin Red Stockings) 
Jun 5
3rd Belmont: C Miller aboard Fenian wins in 3:04.25 
Jun 8
Ives W McGaffey of Chicago patents 1st vacuum cleaner 
Jun 9
Charles Elmer Hires sells his 1st root beer (Phila) 
Jun 10
'Agnes'arrives in New Orleans with 1st ever shipment of frozen beef 
Jun 15
Celluloid patented by John Wesley Hyatt, Albany, NY 
Jun 15
Mike McCoole (US) defeats Tom Allen (England) in bare-knuckle bout 
Jun 28
Amsterdam typographer strike 
Jul 1
Dutch newspaper stamp tax repealed 
Jul 1
US mint at Carson City, Nevada opens 
Jul 6
Black candidate for lt governor of Va, Dr J H Harris, defeated 
Jul 9
Concord pipe, made from small corn kernels, invented 
Jul 15
Margarine is patented by Hippolye Méga-Mouriès for use by French Navy 
Jul 19
Louis Riel speaks at a meeting of Metis residents about rights, setting in motion the events now referred to as the Red River Rebellion 
Jul 30
The Charles, considered the world's first "oil tanker", departs from the United States headed for Europe with a bulk capacity of 7,000 barrels of oil 
Aug 1
1st voyage down Colorado River 
Aug 10
O B Brown patents moving picture projector 
Aug 15
The Meiji government in Japan establishes six new ministries, including one for Shinto. 
Aug 16
Battle of Acosta Ñu: A Paraguay battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the War of the Triple Alliance. 
Aug 17
1st international boat race (River Thames, Oxford beats Harvard) 
Aug 23
1st carload of freight (boots & shoes) arrives in SF, from Boston 
Aug 24
Cornelius Swarthout patents waffle iron 
Sep 6
1st westbound train arrives in SF 
Sep 6
Mine fire kills 179 at Avondale, Pennsylvania 
Sep 10
Baptist minister supposedly invents rickshaw in Yokohama, Japan 
Sep 13
Jay Gould & James Fisk attempt to control US gold market 
Sep 22
Richard Wagner's opera "Rhine Gold" premieres in Munich 
Sep 24
Black Friday; Wall St panic after Gould & Fisk attempt to corner gold 
Oct 1
1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria) 
Oct 5
A strong hurricane devastates the Bay of Fundy region of Maritime Canada. The storm had been predicted over a year before by a British naval officer. 
Oct 6
John Brahms' "Liebeslieder Walzer" premieres 
Oct 16
Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing 
Oct 18
Henrik Ibsen's "De Unges Forbund," premieres in Christiania (Oslo) 
Oct 21
1st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore 
Oct 26
1st American steeplechase horserace (Westchester, NY) 
Nov 1
Deli Me forms T B V tobacco in Sumatra 
Nov 3
Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club forms 
Nov 6
1st intercollegiate football (soccer) game (Rutgers 6, Princeton 4) 
Nov 15
Free postal delivery formally inaugurated 
Nov 16
Hamiora Pere is hanged at the Terrace Gaol, Wellington and is the only New Zealander to have been executed after being convicted of treason 
Nov 17
Englishman James Moore wins 1st bicycle race (13K Paris-Rouen) 
Nov 17
Suez Canal (Egypt) opens, links Mediterranean & Red seas 
Nov 23
In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever to be built, and the only one still surviving to this day. 
Nov 24
American Woman's Suffrage Association forms (Cleveland) 
Dec 8
20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome 
Dec 8
Timothy Eaton founds T. Eaton Co. Limited in Toronto, Canada. 
Dec 9
Noble Order of Knights of Labor founded, Philadelphia 
Dec 10
Women suffrage (right to vote) granted in Wyoming Territory (US 1st) 
Dec 10
The first American chapter of Kappa Sigma is founded at the University of Virginia. 
Dec 18
Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club plays its 1st game 
Dec 28
William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patents chewing gum 
Dec 30
Philadelphia Knights of Labor forms 
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