Today in History - Historical Events - 1863

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Notable Historical Events - 1863

1863Stonewall Jackson attacks Chancellorsville, wounded by his own men

1863George Armstrong Custer, aged 23 appointed Union Brigadier General

1863General Lee's army withdraws from Gettysburg

1863American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer

1863Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences

1863General Ulysses S. Grant begins siege on Vicksburg

1863longstreet abandons his siege at Knoxville, TN

1863Samuel Clemens becomes Mark Twain for 1st time

1863Battle of Brice's Crossroads, Miss; Nathan Bedford Forrest w/3500 defeats 8000 Feds

1863Nathan Bedford Forrest is assigned to command of West Tennessee

1863Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig

1863Orders barring Jews from serving under US General Ulysses S. Grant are revoked

1863Harriet Tubman leads Union guerrillas into Maryland, freeing slaves

1863Abraham Lincoln's Amnesty Proclamation and plan for Reconstruction of South

1863Battle of Milliken's Bend, LA-Jefferson Davis' home burnt

1863George Bizet's opera "Les Pêcheurs de Perles," premieres in Paris

1863 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebr 
Jan 1
Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city 
Jan 1
Emancipation Proclamation issued by Lincoln to free slaves in confederate states 
Jan 1
Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig 
Jan 2
Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends 
Jan 4
4 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of NY 
Jan 8
American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield 
Jan 9
-Jan 11th] Battle of Arkansas Post, AR (Ft Hindman) 
Jan 10
1st underground railway opens in London 
Jan 10
General McClernand's Union troops surround Fort Hindman Ark 
Jan 10
January-uprising begins in Poland 
Jan 11
Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama & USS Hatteras 
Jan 11
Union forces capture Arkansas Post, or Ft Hindman, Arkansas 
Jan 12
President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address 
Jan 13
Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, NYC 
Jan 13
Thomas Crapper pioneers one-piece pedestal flushing toilet 
Jan 14
Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche Louisiana 
Jan 15
1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal 
Jan 16
-Aug 23rd) Cruise of CSS Florida 
Jan 17
Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia 
Jan 19
General Mieroslawski appointed dictator of Poland 
Jan 21
City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years 
Jan 22
Union General Burnside's "Mud March" 
Jan 25
Battle of Kinston, NC 
Jan 25
General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac 
Jan 26
American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment) 
Jan 29
Battle at Bear River, Washington: US army vs indians 
Jan 31
1st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army 
Feb 2
Samuel Clemens becomes Mark Twain for 1st time 
Feb 7
HMS Orpheus sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189. 
Feb 10
1st US fire extinguisher patent granted to Alanson Crane, Virginia 
Feb 24
Arizona Territory created 
Feb 24
Forrest's raid on Brentwood, Tennessee 
Feb 25
Congress creates national banking system, comptroller of currency 
Feb 26
Lincoln signs National Currency Act 
Feb 28
Confederate raider "Nashville" sinks near Fort McAllister Georgia 
Mar 3
US Congress authorizes track width of 4'8½" for Union Pacific Railroad 
Mar 3
1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted 
Mar 3
Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences 
Mar 3
Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada 
Mar 3
Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia 
Mar 3
Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired 
Mar 3
Gold certificates (currency) authorized by Congress 
Mar 3
Idaho Territory forms 
Mar 4
Battle of Thompson's Station, TN 
Mar 4
Territory of Idaho established 
Mar 17
Battle of Kelly's Ford, VA (211 casualities) 
Mar 19
The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000. The wreck was discovered on the same day and month, exactly 102 years later by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence. 
Mar 20
Battle of Pensacola FL -evacuated by Federals 
Mar 21
Naval Engagement at Havana Cuba-USS Henrick Hudson vs BR Wild Pigeon 
Mar 25
1st Army Medal of Honor awarded 
Mar 25
Skirmish at Brentwood Tennessee 
Mar 26
Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves 
Mar 27
American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer 
Mar 30
Danish prince Wilhelm Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg chosen as king George of Greece 
Mar 31
Battle of Grand Gulf MS & Dinwiddie Court House VA 
Apr 1
1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect 
Apr 2
Bread revolt in Richmond, Virginia 
Apr 7
Battle of Charleston SC, failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter 
Apr 10
Rebel Gen Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tenn 
Apr 11
Battle of Suffolk, VA (Norfleet House) 
Apr 12
-14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche Louisiana 
Apr 13
Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft Bisland) 
Apr 13
Hospital for Ruptured & Crippled in NY is 1st orthopedic hospital 
Apr 14
William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press 
Apr 17
R Grierson's: La Grange, TN to Baton Rouge, LA 
Apr 19
Union troops/fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia 
Apr 21
Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters gardens of Rivden, near Baghdad. Makes the declaration of aha'u'llah during 12 days spent there 
Apr 24
Skirmish at Okolona/Birmingham, Mississippi (Grierson's Raid) 
Apr 27
Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL 
Apr 29
Battle of Chancellorsville, VA (Fredericksburg, Wilderness Tavern) 
Apr 30
-5/1] Battle of Snyder's Bluff, Virginia (part of the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War): General Sherman beaten by Confederate forces 
Apr 30
Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico. 
May 1
Battle of Chancellorsville, VA (29,000 injured or died) 
May 1
Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi 
May 1
Confederate "National Flag" replaces "Stars & Bars" 
May 1
Confederate congress passed resolution to kill black soldiers 
May 2
South defeats North in Battle of Chancellorsville, Va 
May 2
Stonewall Jackson attacks Chancellorsville, wounded by his own men 
May 3
Battle of Fredricksburg, VA (Marye's Heights) 
May 3
Battle of Salem Church, VA 
May 4
Battle of Chancellorsville-action at Salem Church 
May 4
End of Chancellorsville - Beaten Union army withdraws 
May 5
Battle of Tupelo, MS 
May 5
Joe Coburn KOs Mike McCoole for US boxing title in 63rd round 
May 8
Confederación Granadina becomes Estados Unidos de Colombia 
May 12
Battle of Raymond, Miss 
May 14
American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson, MS takes place. 
May 16
Battle of Champion's Hill, MS-bloodiest action of Vicksburg Campaign 
May 17
Battle of Big Black River Bridge, MS 
May 17
Rosalía de Castro publishes Cantares Gallegos, her first book in the Galician language. 
May 18
Siege of Vicksburg, MS 
May 19
Siege of Vicksburg, investment of city complete 
May 21
Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana, begins 
May 22
General Ulysses S. Grant begins siege on Vicksburg 
May 22
War Dept establishes Bureau of Colored Troops 
May 23
Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan. 
May 27
CSS Chattahoochie explodes on Chattahoochie River GA, 18 die 
May 27
Siege of Port Hudson LA 
May 28
1st black regiment (54 Mass) leaves Boston to fight in Civil War 
Jun 2
Harriet Tubman leads Union guerrillas into Maryland, freeing slaves 
Jun 5
Battle of Franklin's Crossing, VA (Deep Run) 
Jun 5
CSS "Alabama" captures "Tailsman" in Mid Atlantic 
Jun 6
Battle of Milliken's Bend, LA & Williamsport, MD 
Jun 7
Battle of Milliken's Bend, LA-Jefferson Davis' home burnt 
Jun 7
Mexico City captured by French troops 
Jun 9
Battle of Brandy Station, VA (Fleetwood, Beverly Ford) 
Jun 10
Battle of Brice's Crossroads, Miss; Nathan Bedford Forrest w/3500 defeats 8000 Feds 
Jun 13
Battle of Winchester VA 
Jun 13
Samuel Butler publishes 1st part of "Erewhon", Christchurch, NZ 
Jun 13
Skirmish at Berryville Virginia 
Jun 14
Battle of 2nd Winchester, Virginia 
Jun 15
2nd battle at Winchester Va, ends in Federal defeat; 1350 casualities 
Jun 17
Battle at Middleburg, Virginia 
Jun 17
Battle of Aldie, Confederates fail to drive back Union in Virginia 
Jun 17
Naval Engagement at Warsaw Sound GA-USS Weehawken vs CSS Atlanta 
Jun 17
Travelers Insurance Co of Hartford chartered (1st accident insurer) 
Jun 18
After long neglect, Confederates hurriedly fortify Vicksburg 
Jun 19
Battle at Middleburg Virginia (100+ casualties) 
Jun 20
1st bank chartered in US (National Bank of Davenport Iowa) 
Jun 20
Skirmish at Greencastle Pennsylvania 
Jun 20
West Virginia admitted as 35th US state 
Jun 21
Battle at Upperville Virginia, 389 casualities 
Jun 23
Tullahoma campaign, TN 
Jun 24
Planning an invasion of Pennsylvania, Lee's army crosses Potomac 
Jun 25
US General George Meade replaces General Hooker to be more aggressive 
Jun 27
Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia 
Jun 29
Battle at Westminster Maryland: Federal assault 
Jun 29
George Armstrong Custer, aged 23 appointed Union Brigadier General 
Jun 29
Lee orders his forces to concentrate near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 
Jun 29
Very 1st First National Bank opens in Davenport, Iowa 
Jun 30
Battles in Hanover, Pennsylvania: 80 casualties 
Jun 30
Dutch colony Suriname counts population of 33,000 slaves 
Jun 30
Skirmish at Sporting Hill Pennsylvania 
Jul 1
-2] Battle at Baltimore: Crump's Crossroads Virginia 
Jul 1
Battle of Gettysburg, Pa; Lee's northward advance halted 
Jul 1
Free city delivery of mail begins in 49 US cities; postage 3 cents per oz 
Jul 1
Slavery abolished in Suriname & Dutch Antilles 
Jul 2
Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day) 
Jul 2
R Morgan's: Burksville, KY to Salineville, OH [->JUL 26] 
Jul 3
Battle of Donaldsonville, LA 
Jul 3
Battle of Gettysburg, Pa, the largest battle ever fought on the American continent, ends in a major victory for the Union. 
Jul 4
Boise, Idaho founded (now capital of Idaho) 
Jul 4
Failed Confederate assault on Helena Arkansas (640 casualties) 
Jul 4
General Lee's army withdraws from Gettysburg 
Jul 4
Skirmish at Smithburg, TN 
Jul 4
Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Union forces 
Jul 5
Battle of Jackson, MS & Battle of Birdsong Ferry, MS 
Jul 6
Battle of Williamsport, MD [-Jul 07] 
Jul 6
Northern Territory passes from New South Wales to South Australia 
Jul 7
1st military draft by US (exemptions cost $100) 
Jul 7
Orders barring Jews from serving under US General Ulysses S. Grant are revoked 
Jul 9
R Morgan's: Indiana [->JUL 13] 
Jul 9
Union troops enter Port Hudson 
Jul 10
Battle of Charleston, SC (Morris Island) [->SEP 06] 
Jul 10
Battle of Jackson, MS - captured by federals [->JUL 16] US1000 CS1339 
Jul 11
Battle at Green River, Ky (Morgan's Ohio Raid) 
Jul 11
Japanese battle cruiser shoots at Dutch warship Medusa, kills 4 
Jul 12
In New Zealand, British forces invade Waikato, home of the Maori King Movement, beginning a new phase of the wars between Maori and Colonial British 
Jul 13
Anti-draft mobs lynch blacks in NYC; about 1,000 die 
Jul 13
Battle of Bayou La Fourche, LA 
Jul 13
Battle of Tupelo, MS (Harrisburg) [->JUL 15] US648 CS700 
Jul 13
Rebellion at Morgan's, Ohio [->JUL 26] 
Jul 14
Battle of Falling Waters, MD (Beaver Creek) 
Jul 14
Jews of Holstein Germany granted equality 
Jul 15
Pres Davis orders service duty for confederate army 
Jul 16
Utrecht-Swells railway opens 
Jul 17
Battle of Honey Springs - largest battle in Indian Territory 
Jul 17
Māori forces are defeated by British troops at Koheroa, Waikato, in the New Zealand Wars between Maori tribes and British colonials 
Jul 18
Battle of Fort Wagner, SC - Second assault US1500 CS174 
Jul 19
Battle of Buffington's Island (St George Creek), Ohio 
Jul 23
Alexandra Park opens in North London 
Jul 24
Battle at Battle Mountain, Virginia 
Jul 25
Skirmish at Barbee's Crossroads, Virginia 
Jul 26
Battle of Salineville OH, John Hunt Morgan & 364 troops surrender 
Jul 30
President Lincoln issues "eye-for-eye" order to shoot a rebel prisoner for every black prisoner shot 
Jul 30
Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah. 
Aug 1
Battle of Little Rock, Arkansas; start of Chattanooga campaign 
Aug 1
Cavalry action near Brandy Station-End of Gettysburg Campaign 
Aug 3
Governor Seymour asks Lincoln to suspend draft in NY 
Aug 3
Saratoga Racetrack (NY) opens 
Aug 8
American Civil War: Tennessee's "military" Governor Andrew Johnson frees his personal slaves. Celebrated as a holiday by Tennessee African Americans (early 20th century) 
Aug 11
Cambodia becomes French protectorate 
Aug 12
1st cargo of lumber leaves Burrard Inlet (Vancouver, BC) 
Aug 15
Submarine "HL Hunley" arrives in Charleston on railroad cars 
Aug 15
The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom (Traditional Japanese date: July 2, 1863). 
Aug 16
Chickamauga campaign GA 
Aug 17
Federal batteries & ships attacked Fort Sumter in SC 
Aug 17
Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta), Tennessee 
Aug 21
Raid at Lawrence KS by William Quantrill 
Aug 26
Battle of Rocky Gap, WV (White Sulphur Springs) 
Sep 1
6th Ohio Cavalry ambush at Barbees Crossroads Virginia 
Sep 1
Federal troops reconquer Fort Smith Arkansas 
Sep 1
Rail & ferry connection between San Francisco & Oakland inaugurated 
Sep 5
Bread revolt in Mobile, Alabama 
Sep 6
-7] After 59 day siege Confederate troops vacate Fort Wagner SC (1700 casualties) 
Sep 7
Federal naval expedition arrives off Sabine Pass 
Sep 8
-10] Federal troops reconquer the Cumperland Gap, Tennessee 
Sep 8
Battle of Sabine Pass TX: 47 Texas volunteers repel Federal forces 
Sep 8
Battle of Telford's Depot TN 
Sep 9
Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN 
Sep 10
George Bizet's opera "Les Pêcheurs de Perles," premieres in Paris 
Sep 16
Robert College of Istanbul-Turkey, the first American educational institution outside the United States, is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist. 
Sep 17
Pope Pius IX encyclical On persecution in New Grenada 
Sep 19
Battle of Chickamauga GA (near Chattanooga) begins; Union retreat 
Sep 20
Battle of Shepardstown VA 
Sep 20
Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga Tenn, ends 
Sep 21
Union forces retreat to Chattanooga after defeat at Chickamauga 
Sep 23
Confederate siege of Chattanooga begins 
Sep 27
Jo Shelby's cavalry in action at Moffat's Station, Arkansas 
Sep 29
Opera "Pescatori di Perle" is produced (Paris) 
Oct 1
5 Russian warships welcomed in NYC 
Oct 1
Dutch Breda-Tilburg railway opens 
Oct 3
Lincoln designates last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day 
Oct 5
Confederate sub David damages Union ship Ironsides 
Oct 6
Battle at Baxter Springs, Kansas 
Oct 6
Dr Charles H Sheppard opens 1st public bath, in Brooklyn 
Oct 9
Battle of Brady Station, VA (Culpeper Court House, Bristoe Station) 
Oct 10
Skirmish at Blue Springs, Tennessee (166 casualties) 
Oct 11
Skirmish at Rheatown/Henderson's Mill, Tennessee 
Oct 13
Skirmish at Blountsville, Tennessee (50 casualties) 
Oct 14
Battle at Bristoe Station, Virginia (about 2000 casualties) 
Oct 14
Skirmish at Catlett's Station, Virginia (Bristoe Campaign) 
Oct 15
Cliff House opens in SF (1st of many on site) 
Oct 16
Grant is given command of Union forces in West 
Oct 18
Battle of Charlestown, WV 
Oct 19
Battle of Buckland Mills, VA 
Oct 26
International conference begins in Geneva aimed at improving medical conditions on battlefields - beginning of the Red Cross 
Oct 26
Football Association forms in England, standardizing soccer, splitting with rugby 
Oct 27
Dutch railway to Harlingen opens 
Oct 28
Battle at Wauhatchie, Georgia: 865 killed or injured 
Oct 29
International Committee of Red Cross forms as result Geneva held conference (Nobel 1917, 1944, 1963) 
Oct 31
The Maori Wars resumed as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of the Waikato. 
Nov 1
-8] Averell's Raid (on)to Lewisburg, West Virginia 
Nov 1
Fortifications built on Angel Island (SF Bay) by troops 
Nov 3
Battle of Grand Coteau in Southwestern Louisiana in the American Civil War 
Nov 6
Battle of Rogersville TN 
Nov 7
Battle of Rappahannock Station & Kelly's Ford, VA 
Nov 14
Nathan Bedford Forrest is assigned to command of West Tennessee 
Nov 14
Skirmish at Danville, Mississippi 
Nov 16
Battle of Campbell's Station TN, 492 casualities 
Nov 17
-Dec 4th) Battle of Knoxville, TN 
Nov 17
Lincoln begins 1st draft of his Gettysburg Address 
Nov 19
US President Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address beginning; "Four score & seven years ago..." 
Nov 23
Battle of Chattanooga & Orchard Knob, TN begins 
Nov 23
Patent granted for a process of making color photographs 
Nov 24
Battle of Chattanooga, Columbia & Lookout Mt begins in Tennessee 
Nov 25
Battle of Missionary Ridge, Tennessee 
Nov 26
-Dec 2] Mine Run campaign, VA 
Nov 27
-29] Battle at Fort Esperanza Texas 
Nov 27
Battle of Payne's Farm, VA 
Nov 29
Battle of Ft Sanders, TN (Ft Loudon), 8-900 casualities 
Nov 30
Confederate troops vacate Fort Esperanza, Texas 
Dec 3
longstreet abandons his siege at Knoxville, TN 
Dec 4
Storm flood ravages Netherlands coastal provinces 
Dec 8
2,500 reported killed as result of fire at Jesuit Church of La Compana Santiago Chile 
Dec 8
Abraham Lincoln's Amnesty Proclamation and plan for Reconstruction of South 
Dec 14
Battle of Bean's Station-Confederacy repulses Union in Tennessee 
Dec 15
Skirmish at Bean's Station, Tennessee (Knoxville Campaign) 
Dec 15
Romania is using for the first time a mountain railway (from Anina to Oravita). 
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