Today in History - Historical Events - 1859

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Notable Historical Events - 1859

1859James Donnelly is sentenced to hang for murdering Patrick Farrell, but a petition for clemency reduces his sentence to 7 years in Kingston Penitentiary

1859Battle of Solferino, Northern Italy: a French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II overcame the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I.

1859Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" is first published in literary periodical All the Year Round, continues in weekly installments until Nov 26

1859Last weekly installment of Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" is published in literary periodical All the Year Round

1859Lake Nyasa, which forms Malawi's boundary with Tanzania & Mozambique discovered by British explorer David Livingstone

1859Charles Darwin publishes "On the Origin of Species"

1859John Brown leads 21 in raid on federal arsenal, Harper's Ferry, Va

1859Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Un Ballo in maschera" premieres in Napoli

1859 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 5
1st steamboat sails, Red River 
Jan 22
Brahms' 1st piano concerto (in D minor) premieres, Hanover 
Jan 23
Mauna Loa volcano in Hawaii begins an eruption that lasts 300 days 
Jan 24
Political union of Moldavia and Wallachia; Alexandru Ioan Cuza is elected as ruler. 
Feb 4
The Codex Sinaiticus is discovered in Egypt. 
Feb 5
Wallachia and Moldavia are united under Alexander John Cuza as the United Principalities. 
Feb 10
Gen Horsford defeats Begum of Oude & Nana Sahib in Indian mutiny 
Feb 14
Oregon admitted as 33rd state of the Union 
Feb 16
The French Government passes a law to set the A-note above middle C to a frequency of 435 Hz, in an attempt to standardize the pitch. 
Feb 17
Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Un Ballo in maschera" premieres in Napoli 
Feb 25
1st use of "insanity plea" to prove innocence 
Feb 26
Paul Morphy's chess match vs Augustus Mongredien begins; Morphy wins 
Feb 28
Arkansas legislature requires free blacks to choose exile or slavery 
Mar 1
Present seal of SF adopted (its 2nd) 
Mar 18
Vera Cruz besieged by Miramon (Cons) in Mexican War of Reform 
Mar 19
Opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris 
Mar 21
Scottish National Gallery opens in Edinburgh 
Mar 21
Zoological Society of Philadelphia, 1st in US, incorporated 
Mar 26
1st sighting of Vulcan, a planet thought to orbit inside Mercury 
Mar 28
1st performance of John Brahms' 1st Serenade for orchestra 
Apr 4
Opera "Dinorah" is produced (Paris) 
Apr 4
Bryant's Minstrels debut "Dixie" in New York City in the finale of a blackface minstrel show. 
Apr 6
US recognizes Liberal government in Mexico's War of Reform 
Apr 12
Hibernia Savings & Loan Society of SF incorporates 
Apr 25
Ground broken for Suez Canal 
Apr 26
Dan Sickles is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity - 1st time this defense used successfully in the US 
Apr 27
"Pomona" sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 400 aboard 
Apr 30
Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" is first published in literary periodical All the Year Round, continues in weekly installments until Nov 26 
Apr 30
Paul Morphy returns from 10-month chess tour of Europe, retires 
May 4
The Cornwall Railway opens across the Royal Albert Bridge linking the counties of Devon and Cornwall in England. 
May 17
Australian Rules Football first 'laws of the game' published 
May 31
Phila A's organize to play "town ball" became baseball 20 years later 
Jun 6
Australia: Queensland is established as a separate colony from New South Wales (Queensland Day). 
Jun 11
Comstock silver load discovered near Virginia City, Nevada 
Jun 12
Comstock Silver Lode in Nevada discovered 
Jun 15
Pig War: Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the "Northwestern Boundary Dispute" between U.S. and British/Canadian settlers. 
Jun 24
Battle of Solferino, Northern Italy: a French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II overcame the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I. 
Jun 28
1st dog show held (Newcastle-on-Tyne, England) 
Jun 30
Charles Blondin is 1st to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope 
Jul 1
1st intercollegiate baseball game, Amherst beats Williams 66-32 
Jul 1
Balloon covers a record 809 miles over St Louis 
Jul 5
Capt N C Brooks discovers Midway Islands 
Jul 8
King Charles XV/Carl IV accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway. 
Jul 12
Paper bag manufacturing machine patents by William Goodale, Mass 
Jul 22
V E Walker takes 10-74 in an innings for England v Surrey 
Aug 9
Elevator patented 
Aug 17
1st air mail (in a balloon) took off from Lafayette, Indiana 
Aug 27
1st successful oil well drilled, near Titusville, Penn by Edwin Drake 
Aug 28
A geomagnetic storm causes the Aurora Borealis to shine so brightly that it is seen clearly over parts of USA, Europe, and even as far afield as Japan. 
Sep 1
1st Pullman sleeping car in service 
Sep 1
R C Carrington & R Hodgson make 1st observation of solar flare 
Sep 1
A solar superstorm affects electrical telegraph service. 
Sep 2
Gas lighting introduced to Hawaii 
Sep 2
A solar super storm affects electrical telegraph service. 
Sep 16
Lake Nyasa, which forms Malawi's boundary with Tanzania & Mozambique discovered by British explorer David Livingstone 
Sep 17
Joshua Abraham Norton, born in England but a resident of San Francisco, proclaims himself his Imperial Majesty Emperor Norton I, Emperor of the United States of America. Eccentric possibly, but 30,000 turned up for his funeral. 
Sep 17
James Donnelly is sentenced to hang for murdering Patrick Farrell, but a petition for clemency reduces his sentence to 7 years in Kingston Penitentiary 
Sep 20
George Simpson patents electric range 
Sep 29
Great auroral display in US 
Oct 16
John Brown leads 21 in raid on federal arsenal, Harper's Ferry, Va 
Oct 19
Wilhelm Tempel discovers diffuse nebula around Pleid star Merope 
Oct 25
Merchant vessel Royal Charter runs aground at Liverpool, 459 die 
Oct 26
The Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead. 
Oct 29
Spain declares war on Morocco. 
Nov 1
The current Cape Lookout, North Carolina, lighthouse was lit for the first time. Its first-order Fresnel lens can be seen for about 19 miles (30 kilometers), in good conditions. 
Nov 12
Jules Leotard performs 1st Flying Trapeze circus act (Paris) He also designed garment that bears his name 
Nov 16
Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Groza" premieres in Moscow 
Nov 24
Charles Darwin publishes "On the Origin of Species" 
Nov 26
Last weekly installment of Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" is published in literary periodical All the Year Round 
Dec 5
Dion Boucicault's "Octaroon" premieres in NYC 
Dec 15
GR Kirchoff describes chemical composition of Sun 
Dec 18
South Carolina declared an "independent commonwealth" 
Dec 19
Grading started for Market Street RR 
Dec 31
Dutch colony in Dutch Indies counts 4,800 slaves 
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