Today in History - Historical Events - 1857

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Notable Historical Events - 1857

1857Herman Melville publishes The Confidence-Man.

1857Dred Scott Decision: US Supreme Court rules Africans cannot be US citizens

1857US slave Dred Scott and family freed by owner Henry Taylor Blow 3 months after US courts ruled against them.

1857Franz Liszt's "Die Hunnenschlacht," premieres in Weimar

1857Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Simon Boccanegra" premieres in Venice

1857James Donnelly becomes engaged in a drunken brawl with Patrick Farrell, who suffers a fatal blow to the head. Farrell dies two days later, which makes James Donnelly a wanted man and draws the Donnelly family into the notorious feud

1857 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 6
Patent for reducing zinc ore granted to Samuel Wetherill, Penn 
Jan 8
Dion Boucicauly's "Poor of NY," premieres in NYC 
Jan 9
7.9 earthquake shakes Fort Tejon Calif 
Jan 15
1st first-class game in Sydney, NSW v Vic at The Domain 
Jan 22
National Association of Baseball Players founded, NY 
Jan 24
The University of Calcutta is formally founded as the first full-fledged university in south Asia. 
Feb 16
Gallaudet College (National Deaf Mute college) forms in Washington DC 
Feb 18
Insurrection of Chinese in Sarawak, Borneo 
Feb 21
Congress outlaws foreign currency as legal tender in US 
Feb 21
US issues flying eagle cents 
Feb 24
1st perforated US postage stamps delivered to government 
Feb 24
LA Vineyard Society organized 
Mar 3
Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China. 
Mar 6
Dred Scott Decision: US Supreme Court rules Africans cannot be US citizens 
Mar 7
Baseball decides 9 innings constitutes an official game, not 9 runs 
Mar 12
Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Simon Boccanegra" premieres in Venice 
Mar 21
Earthquake hits Tokyo; about 107,000 die 
Mar 23
Elisha Otis' 1st elevator installed (488 Broadway, NYC) 
Mar 25
Frederick Laggenheim takes 1st photo of a solar eclipse 
Apr 1
Herman Melville publishes The Confidence-Man. 
Apr 12
Gustave Flaubert's "Madame Bovary" published 
Apr 21
Alexander Douglas patents the bustle 
Apr 27
Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited 
Apr 29
US Army, Pacific Div HQ permanently forms at Presidio (SF) 
Apr 30
San Jose State University forms 
May 1
William Walker, conqueror of Nicaragua, surrenders to US Navy 
May 10
Indian Mutiny begins with revolt of Sepoys in Meerut 
May 19
William Francis Channing & Moses G Farmer patents electric fire alarm 
May 26
US slave Dred Scott and family freed by owner Henry Taylor Blow 3 months after US courts ruled against them. 
Jun 1
Charles Baudelaire's Fleurs du mal is published. 
Jun 2
James Gibbs, Va, patents chain-stitch single-thread sewing machine 
Jun 5
Walter Woodbury & James Page open photo studio in Batavia (Djakarta) 
Jun 10
Britain passes an act putting Canada on the decimal currency system 
Jun 15
San Francisco Water Works organized 
Jun 26
The first 62 recipients are awarded the Victoria Cross for valour in the Crimean war by Queen Victoria 
Jun 26
Cawnpore England massacre 
Jun 27
James Donnelly becomes engaged in a drunken brawl with Patrick Farrell, who suffers a fatal blow to the head. Farrell dies two days later, which makes James Donnelly a wanted man and draws the Donnelly family into the notorious feud 
Jun 29
Battle at Chinhat (Indies rebel under Barkat Ahmed beat British) 
Jul 16
Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore 
Jul 18
Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French. 
Aug 24
The Panic of 1857 begins, setting off one of the most severe economic crises in U.S. history. 
Sep 11
Mountain Meadows Massacre, Mormons dressed as Indians murder 120 colonists in Utah 
Sep 12
423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC 
Sep 15
Timothy Alder of NY patents a typesetting machine 
Sep 16
Mexican constitution of force (fiercely attacked by Pope Pius IX) 
Sep 23
Russian warship Leffort disappears in a storm in the Gulf of Finland; 826 die 
Sep 25
Relief of Lucknow by Havelock & Outram begins 
Sep 30
US occupies Sand, Baker, Howland & Jarvis Is south of Hawaii 
Oct 5
The City of Anaheim was founded. 
Oct 6
American Chess Association organized; 1st major US chess tournament (NYC) 
Oct 10
American Chess Association formed (NYC) 
Oct 24
World's first soccer club, Sheffield F C, founded in Yorkshire, England 
Nov 9
Atlantic Monthly magazine 1st published 
Dec 8
1st production of Dion Boucicaults "Poor of NY" 
Dec 16
Earthquake in Naples, Italy 
Dec 29
Franz Liszt's "Die Hunnenschlacht," premieres in Weimar 
Dec 31
Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa as new capital of Canada 
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