Today in History - Historical Events - 1854

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Notable Historical Events - 1854

1854Hard Times begins serialisation in Charles Dickens magazine, Household Words.

1854Abraham Lincoln made his 1st political speech at Illinois State Fair

1854Franz Liszt's "Mazeppa" premieres

1854Alfred Tennyson's poem, "Charge of the Light Brigade," published

1854Frederic Mistral, Joseph Roumanille, and five other Provencal poets found Félibrige, a literary and cultural association

1854Henry David Thoreau publishes "Walden"

1854Franz Liszt's "Fest-Long," premieres

1854Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses were sent to the Crimean War.

1854 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
Lincoln University, a black college, chartered (Oxford, Penn) 
Jan 4
The McDonald Islands are discovered by Captain William McDonald aboard the Samarang. 
Jan 5
Steamship San Francisco wrecked-300 die 
Jan 9
Astor Library opens in NYC 
Jan 13
Anthony Foss patents accordion 
Jan 18
Filibuster William Walker proclaims Republic of Sonora in NW Mexico 
Jan 25
Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Bednost ne Porok," premieres in Moscow 
Jan 30
1st election in Washington Territory; 1,682 votes cast 
Jan 31
Dutch KNMI established (Royal Meteorological Institute) 
Feb 2
Pope Pius IX encyclical "On persecution of Armenians" 
Feb 4
Alvan Bovay proposes name "Republican Party," Ripon, Wisc 
Feb 6
Composer R Schumann is saved from suicide attempt into the Rhine 
Feb 11
Major streets lit by coal gas for 1st time 
Feb 16
Franz Liszts symphony "Orpheus," premieres 
Feb 17
Britain recognises independence of Orange Free State (South Africa) 
Feb 22
1st meeting of Republican Party (Michigan) 
Feb 23
Great-Britain & Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein 
Feb 27
Composer Robert Schumann saved from suicide attempt in Rhine 
Feb 28
Republican Party formally organized at Ripon, Wisc 
Mar 1
SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbor & is never seen again 
Mar 1
German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg. 
Mar 7
Charles Miller patents 1st US sewing machine to stitch buttonholes 
Mar 8
US Commodore Matthew C Perry's 2nd trip to Japan 
Mar 17
1st park land purchased by a US city, Worcester, Mass 
Mar 28
Britain & France declare war on Russia (Crimean War) 
Mar 31
Treaty of Kanagawa: Commodore Perry forces Japan to opens ports to US 
Apr 1
Hard Times begins serialisation in Charles Dickens magazine, Household Words. 
Apr 16
Franz Liszt's "Mazeppa" premieres 
Apr 16
San Salvador destroyed by earthquake 
Apr 16
Steamer "Long Beach" sinks off Long Beach NY, 311 die 
May 1
Amsterdam begins transferring drinking water out of the dunes 
May 5
English pirate Plumridge robs along pro-English Finnish coast 
May 21
Frederic Mistral, Joseph Roumanille, and five other Provencal poets found Félibrige, a literary and cultural association 
May 24
Anthony Burns, slave, arrested by US Deputy marshals in Boston 
May 24
Lincoln University, Penn, 1st Black college in US founded by John Miller Dickey and Sarah Emlen Cresson 
May 27
Marine Telegraph from Ft Point to SF completed 
May 30
Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed Missouri Compromise opens north slavery 
May 30
Territories of Kansas & Nebraska created 
Jun 10
Georg F B Reiman proposes that space is curved 
Jun 10
The first class of the United States Naval Academy students graduate. 
Jun 21
First Victoria Cross won during bombardment of Bomarsund in the Aland Islands (Crimean War) 
Jun 23
Antwerp-Roosendaal railway goes into use 
Jun 29
Netherlands allows corporal punishment 
Jul 6
1st Republican state convention (Jackson, Mich) 
Jul 13
US forces shell & burn San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua 
Jul 13
In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon. 
Jul 25
Walter Hunt is awarded the first U.S. patent for a paper shirt collar 
Aug 4
The Hinomaru is established as the official flag to be flown from Japanese ships. 
Aug 8
Smith & Wesson patents metal bullet cartridges 
Aug 9
Henry David Thoreau publishes "Walden" 
Aug 24
National emigration convention meets in Cleveland 
Aug 29
Self-governing windmill patented (Daniel Halladay) 
Sep 4
English/French assault on Petropavlovsk Kamchatka 
Sep 14
Allied armies, including those of Britain & France, land in Crimea 
Sep 19
Henry Meyer patents sleeping rail car 
Sep 20
Battle of the Alma: first major battle of Crimean War. British and French alliance defeat the Russians 
Sep 27
Steamship "Arctic" sinks with 300 people on board 
Oct 1
The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing. 
Oct 4
Abraham Lincoln made his 1st political speech at Illinois State Fair 
Oct 6
The Great Fire of Newcastle and Gateshead started shortly after midnight, leading to 53 deaths and hundreds injured. 
Oct 9
The siege of Sebastopol begins (Crimean War) 
Oct 10
US Assay Office in NY City, NY opens 
Oct 12
Lincoln University founded as Ashmun Institute 
Oct 21
Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses were sent to the Crimean War. 
Oct 23
The Times gives precise British positions in Crimea 
Oct 25
Charge of Light Brigade (Battle of Balaclava, Crimean War), 409 die 
Oct 25
Prince Menshikov of Crimea occupies British base at Balaclava 
Nov 2
Cobblestone paving of Washington St between Dupont & Kearny starts 
Nov 4
Lighthouse built on Alcatraz Island 
Nov 5
Crimean War: British & French defeat Russian force of 50,000 at Inkerman 
Nov 9
Franz Liszt's "Fest-Long," premieres 
Nov 13
"New Era" sinks off NJ coast with loss of 300 
Nov 15
In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is given the necessary royal concession. 
Nov 28
Dutch army stops Chinese uprising in Borneo 
Dec 3
Eureka Stockade: In what is claimed by many to be the birth of Australian democracy, more than 20 goldminers at Ballarat, Victoria, Australia are killed by state troopers in an uprising over mining licences. 
Dec 5
Aaron Allen of Boston patents folding theater chair 
Dec 8
Pope Pius IX proclaims Immaculate Conception, makes Mary, free of Original Sin 
Dec 9
Alfred Tennyson's poem, "Charge of the Light Brigade," published 
Dec 15
1st street-cleaning machine in US 1st used in Philadelphia 
Dec 19
Allen Wilson of Conn patents sewing machine to sew curving seams 
Dec 26
Wood-pulp paper 1st exhibited, Buffalo 
Dec 30
Pennsylvania Rock Oil Co, 1st in US, incorporated in NYC 
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