Today in History - Historical Events - 1852

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Notable Historical Events - 1852

1852Franklin Pierce elected as president of US

1852Alfred Russel Wallace returns to the U.K. after four years of travel, collecting, and research in South America

1852George Bancroft becomes the American Geographical Society's first president

1852Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" published (Boston)

1852 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
1st US public bath opens, in NYC 
Jan 1
National debt of Britain & Ireland is 765,126,582 pounds 
Jan 1
Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps 
Jan 3
1st Chinese arrive in Hawaii 
Jan 17
British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa) 
Feb 2
1st British public men's toilet opens (Fleet St London) 
Feb 2
Alexandre Dumas Jr's "Le Dame aux Camélias," premieres in Paris 
Feb 11
1st British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street London) 
Feb 15
Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient 
Feb 16
Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established. 
Feb 19
The Phi Kappa Psi fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania. 
Feb 21
George Bancroft becomes the American Geographical Society's first president 
Feb 26
British troopship Birkenhead sinks off South Africa-458 die, 193 survive 
Mar 1
Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
Mar 7
Dutch telegraph traffic regulated by law 
Mar 13
Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the NY Lantern weekly 
Mar 20
Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" published (Boston) 
Mar 25
Friedrich Hebbel's "Agnes Bernauer" premieres in Munich 
Mar 26
Decree regarding streets of Paris passed 
Mar 29
Ohio makes it illegal for children under 18 & women to work more than 10 hours a day 
Apr 19
California Historical Society forms 
Apr 29
1st edition of Peter Roget's Thesaurus published 
Apr 30
Anton Rubinsteins opera "Dmitri Donskoi" premieres in St Petersburg 
May 1
The Philippine peso is introduced into circulation. 
May 18
Massachusetts rules all school-age children must attend school 
Jul 3
Congress authorizes US's 2nd mint (San Francisco, California) 
Jul 5
Frederick Douglass, fugitive slave, delivers his 'What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?' speech to the Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester in which he condemns the celebration as a hypocritical sham in a land where slavery still exists 
Jul 9
Fire destroys 1,100 construction sites in Montreal Canada 
Jul 23
1st interment in US National Cemetery at Presidio 
Jul 31
Hottest July in Netherlands since at least 1783 (68.4°F (20.2°C) avg) 
Aug 1
SF Methodists establish 1st black church, Zion Methodist 
Aug 3
1st intercollegiate rowing race, Harvard beats Yale by 4 lengths 
Aug 13
Steamer "Atlantic" crossing Lake Erie from Buffalo to Detroit collided with a fishing boat, sinks with 250 aboard 
Aug 21
Tlingit Indians destroy Fort Selkirk, Yukon Territory. 
Sep 3
Anti-Jewish riots break out in Stockholm, Sweden 
Sep 11
Olympia Columbian is 1st newspaper published north of Columbia R 
Sep 14
18th US Postmaster General: Samuel D Hubbard of Conn takes office 
Sep 24
Henri Giffard, a French engineer, makes 1st engine powered dirigible/airship flight with steam power 
Sep 27
George L Aiken's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" premieres in Troy, NY 
Oct 1
Alfred Russel Wallace returns to the U.K. after four years of travel, collecting, and research in South America 
Oct 11
The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney. 
Oct 16
Dutch government recognize Catholics right to organize 
Nov 2
Franklin Pierce elected as president of US 
Nov 4
Count Camillo Benso di Cavour becomes the prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia, which soon expands to become Italy. 
Nov 18
State funeral of Duke of Wellington (St Paul's Cathedral, London) 
Nov 18
Rose Philippine Duchesne dies in St. Charles, Missouri. She would be canonized on July 3, 1988 by Pope John Paul II. 
Nov 20
Charles Reade/Tom Taylor's "Masks & Faces" premieres in London 
Nov 21
Duke U, founded in 1838 as Union Institute chartered as Normal College 
Nov 23
Just past midnight, a sharp jolt causes Lake Merced to drop 30' (9m) 
Dec 1
Telegraph company opens throughout Netherlands 
Dec 2
2nd French empire established; Louis Napoleon becomes emperor 
Dec 8
Gustav Freytag's "Die Journalisten" premieres in Breslau 
Dec 17
1st Hawaiian cavalry organized 
Dec 23
1st Chinese theater in US, Celestial John, opens in San Francisco 
Dec 29
Emma Snodgrass arrested in Boston for wearing pants 
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