Today in History - Historical Events - 1849

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Notable Historical Events - 1849

1849Harriet Tubman 1st escapes slavery in Maryland with two of her brothers

1849In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes first serving US President to have his photograph taken (by Matthew Brady).

1849Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Luisa Miller" premieres in Naples

1849Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent (the US president to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions

1849American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death.

1849Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th US president

1849Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in US to earn medical degree

1849Abraham Lincoln patents a buoying device

1849Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery in Maryland for the 2nd and final time

1849Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman physician in US

1849 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 11
Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in US to earn medical degree 
Jan 13
Vancouver Island granted to Hudson's Bay Co 
Jan 23
Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman physician in US 
Jan 23
Patent granted for an envelope-making machine 
Jan 31
Corn Laws abolished in Britain 
Feb 4
University of Wisconsin begins in 1 room with 20 students 
Feb 8
New Roman Republic established. 
Feb 9
Roman Republic declared in Rome replacing following flight of Pope Pius IX 
Feb 14
In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes first serving US President to have his photograph taken (by Matthew Brady). 
Feb 18
1st regular steamboat service to California starts (or 02/28) 
Feb 28
1st boat load of gold rush prospectors arrives in SF from east coast 
Mar 3
Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin 
Mar 3
Territory of Minnesota organizes 
Mar 3
US Home Department (later renamed the Department of the Interior) established by Congress 
Mar 4
US had no president, Polks term ends on a Sunday, Taylor couldn't be sworn-in, Sen David Atchison (pres pro tem) term ended Mar 3rd 
Mar 5
Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th US president 
Mar 9
Carl Nikolais opera "Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor" premieres 
Mar 10
Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent (the US president to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions 
Mar 12
1st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to Calif 
Mar 23
Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs Italian republic) 
Mar 27
Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill 
Mar 29
Great Britain formally annexs Punjab after defeat of Sikhs in India 
Mar 31
Col John W Geary arrives as 1st postmaster of SF 
Apr 10
Safety pin patented by Walter Hunt (NYC); sold rights for $400 
Apr 13
Hungarian Republic proclaimed 
Apr 14
Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader. 
Apr 16
Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera Le proph├Ęte, premieres in Paris 
Apr 25
The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal's English population and triggering the Montreal Riots. 
May 3
The May Uprising in Dresden begins - the last of the German revolutions of 1848. 
May 10
Pack destroys Astor Place opera house in NYC (22 killed) 
May 12
Willem Alexander PFL crowned king Willem III in Amsterdam 
May 15
Philadelphia Turngemeinde founded 
May 17
Fire destroy Centrum in St Louis Missouri 
May 22
Abraham Lincoln patents a buoying device 
May 27
The Great Hall of Euston station in London is opened. 
May 28
Princess Marianne of the Netherlands & Albrecht of Prussia separate 
May 29
Lincoln says "You can fool some of the people all of the time, and all of the people some of the time, but you can not fool all of the people all of the time." 
May 31
Last edition of Orange sheet "Journal de La Haye" 
Jun 5
Danish National Day-Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy 
Jun 12
Gas mask patented by Lewis Haslett (Louisville Ky) 
Jun 21
Battle at Waghausel: Prussian troops beat Baden rebels 
Jun 22
Stephen C Massett opens concert at San Francisco courthouse using only piano in Calif 
Jul 2
Garibaldi begins hunger strike in Rome 
Jul 3
The French entered Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification. 
Jul 8
St Paul's Place in the Bronx named 
Jul 20
Start of 1st Lancashire-Yorkshire clash at Hyde Park, Sheffield 
Jul 28
Memmon is 1st clipper to reach SF, 120 days out of NY 
Jul 31
Benjamin Chambers patents breech loading cannon 
Aug 9
Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia 
Aug 19
NY Herald reports gold discovery in California 
Aug 22
The first air raid in history; Austria launches pilotless balloons against the Italian city of Venice. 
Aug 28
Venice under Daniele Manin surrenders to Austrians under Radetsky, having been under siege since July 20 after proclaiming independence 
Sep 1
California Constitutional Convention held in Monterey 
Sep 3
California State Constitutional Convention convenes in Monterey 
Sep 10
1st performance by US actor Edwin Booth (Richard III) 
Sep 13
1st US prize fight fatality (Tom McCoy) 
Sep 17
Harriet Tubman 1st escapes slavery in Maryland with two of her brothers 
Sep 18
De Kempenae's Dutch government resigns 
Sep 19
1st commercial laundry established, in Oaklan, California 
Sep 29
1st passenger train service to Peekskill NY (New Haven Railroad) 
Oct 3
American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death. 
Oct 6
The execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the Hungarian war of independence. 
Oct 16
Avery College establishes in Allegheny, Pennsylvania 
Oct 16
British seize Tigre Island in Gulf of Fonseca from Honduras 
Nov 1
Dutch government of Thorbecke forms 
Nov 13
Peter Burnett elected first governor of California 
Nov 15
1st US poultry show opens in Boston 
Nov 16
A Russian court sentences Fyodor Dostoevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labor. 
Nov 21
Friedrich Hebbel's "Der Rubin" premieres in Vienna 
Dec 6
Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery in Maryland for the 2nd and final time 
Dec 8
Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Luisa Miller" premieres in Naples 
Dec 14
1st chamber music group in US gives their 1st concert (Boston) 
Dec 18
William Bond obtains 1st photograph of Moon through a telescope 
Dec 21
1st US skating club formed (Phila) 
Dec 22
The execution of Fyodor Dostoevsky is called off at the last second. 
Dec 28
M Jolly-Bellin discovers dry-cleaning, he accidentally upset lamp containing turpentine & oil on his clothing & sees cleaning effect 
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