Today in History - Historical Events - 1848

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Notable Historical Events - 1848

1848General Zachary Taylor elected as 12th President of US

18481st US women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls NY, organised by Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Lucretia Mott

1848US Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominating Martin Van Buren for president

1848Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for Pres

1848 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua 
Jan 3
Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia. 
Jan 8
Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia 
Jan 9
1st commercial bank in SF established 
Jan 9
People's uprising in Palermo Sicily 
Jan 24
James Marshall finds gold in Sutter's Mill in Coloma, Calif 
Jan 28
King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution 
Jan 29
Sicily accepts new Constitution (choose parliament/freedom of press) 
Feb 2
1st ship load of Chinese arrive in SF 
Feb 2
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; US acquires Texas California, New Mexico & Arizona for $15 million 
Feb 12
Ballet "Faust" premieres, Milan 
Feb 15
Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston 
Feb 17
Toscane gets liberal Constitution 
Feb 24
King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French republic declared 
Feb 26
2nd French Republic proclaimed 
Feb 26
Marx & Engels publish "Communist Manifesto" 
Feb 29
Neufchatel declares independence of Switzerland 
Mar 4
Sardinia-Piemonte gets new Constitution 
Mar 4
Carlo Alberto di Savoia signs the Statuto Albertino that will later represent the first constitution of the Regno d'Italia 
Mar 5
Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance. 
Mar 7
In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed 
Mar 11
Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government. 
Mar 12
2nd republic established in France 
Mar 15
A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party. 
Mar 23
The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded. 
Mar 24
State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam 
Mar 27
John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster 
Mar 29
Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam 
Apr 3
Thomas Douglas becomes 1st SF public teacher 
Apr 3
German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is seen for the last time at McPherson's Station, Coogoon, before he disappears on the same expedition to reach the Swan River 
Apr 6
Jews of Prussia granted equality 
Apr 8
1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians 
Apr 8
Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro 
Apr 11
Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under king Ferdinand of Aust 
Apr 18
American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico. 
Apr 26
Alfred Russel Wallace departs the U.K. for South America, beginning four years of travel, collecting, and research in the region 
Apr 28
Free last slaves in French colonies 
May 1
The Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania. 
May 6
Otto Tank ends slavery in Suriname colony 
May 7
Prussians stop insurrection in Varsovia 
May 13
First performance of Finland's national anthem. 
May 17
Gerrit, Count Schimmelpenninck resigns as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Netherlands 
May 18
Opening of the first German National Assembly (Nationalversammlung) in Frankfurt, Germany. 
May 19
1st department store opens 
May 19
Mexico gives Texas to US, ending the war 
May 29
Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte 
May 29
Wisconsin becomes 30th state 
May 30
2nd battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians 
May 30
William G Young patents ice cream freezer 
May 30
Mexico ratifies treaty giving US; New Mexico, California & parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona & Colorado in return for $15 million 
Jun 2
The Slavic congress in Prague begins. 
Jun 5
Statue of prince William the Silent, Prince of Orange, unveiled 
Jun 10
1st telegraph link between NYC & Chicago 
Jun 10
Battle at Vicenza: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte 
Jun 22
Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for Pres 
Jun 22
Beginning of the June Days Uprising in Paris. 
Jun 23
Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris 
Jun 26
1st pure food law enacted in US 
Jun 26
End of the June Days Uprising in Paris. 
Jul 3
Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands) 
Jul 6
Mexican-American War ended with the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo 
Jul 11
Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent v England) 
Jul 11
London's Waterloo Station opens 
Jul 19
1st US women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls NY, organised by Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Lucretia Mott 
Jul 19
German Parliament demands Dutch province of Limburg 
Jul 23
Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts 
Jul 25
1st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian 
Jul 26
1st Woman's Rights Convention (Senecca Falls NY) 
Jul 29
Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt - in Tipperary, an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule is put down by police. 
Aug 9
Austria & Sardinia sign cease fire 
Aug 9
US Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominating Martin Van Buren for president 
Aug 14
Oregon Territory created 
Aug 15
M Waldo Hanchett patents dental chair 
Aug 18
Camila O'Gorman and Ladislao Gutierrez are executed on the orders of Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas. 
Aug 22
The United States annexes New Mexico 
Sep 6
National Black Convention meets in Cleveland 
Sep 12
Switzerland becomes a Federal state. 
Sep 14
Alexander Stewart opens 1st US dept store 
Sep 16
Slavery abolished in all French territories 
Sep 18
Baseball rules 1st baseman can tag base for out instead of runner 
Sep 19
Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (US) & Lassell (England) 
Sep 20
The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created. 
Sep 29
Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence. 
Oct 16
1st US homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania 
Oct 28
The first railroad in Spain - between Barcelona and Mataró - is opened. 
Nov 1
First US women's medical school opens (Boston) 
Nov 3
Johan Thorbeckes revises the Constitution of the Netherlands 
Nov 7
General Zachary Taylor elected as 12th President of US 
Nov 9
Post office at Clay & Pike opens 
Nov 9
Robert Blum, a German revolutionary and MP (Liberal), is executed in Vienna. 
Nov 21
Alfred de Musset's "Andre del Sarto" premieres in Paris 
Nov 21
Cincinnati Turngemeinde founded 
Nov 23
Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston 
Dec 2
Franz Josef I becomes emperor of Austria & King of Hungary 
Dec 5
President Polk triggers Gold Rush of 1849 by confirming gold discovery in California 
Dec 25
New Haven Railroad opens 
Dec 26
1st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to SF 
Dec 26
William & Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia 
Dec 26
The Phi Delta Theta fraternity is founded at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio. 
Dec 29
Gas lights 1st installed at White House (Polk's administration) 
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