Today in History - Historical Events - 1845

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Notable Historical Events - 1845

1845Manifest Destiny: US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West.

1845James K. Polk inaugurated as 11th US President

1845Richard Wagner's opera "Tannhäuser," premieres in Dresden

1845Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond

1845 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn is completed. 
Jan 10
Poets Elizabeth Barrett & Robert Browning begin corresponding 
Jan 23
Uniform US election day for president & VP authorized 
Jan 29
Edgar Allen Poe's "Raven" 1st published (NYC) 
Feb 15
William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72 inch (183 cm) reflector 
Mar 1
President Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas 
Mar 3
1st time, US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto 
Mar 3
Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery 
Mar 3
Florida becomes 27th state of the Union 
Mar 4
James K. Polk inaugurated as 11th US President 
Mar 11
The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Māoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi. 
Mar 14
-5.3°F (-20.7°C) in Groningen 
Mar 17
Bristol man, Henry Jones, patents self-raising flour 
Mar 17
Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London 
Mar 26
Joseph Francis, NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat 
Mar 26
Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precusor of bandaid 
Mar 28
Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US 
Apr 2
H L Fizeau & J Leon Foucault take 1st photo of Sun 
Apr 10
More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh, Pa 
Apr 29
Macon B Allen & Robert Morris Jr, 1st African Americans to open a law practice in the US 
May 2
Argentinian Domingo Sarmiento publishes his anti-tyranny work "Facundo Civilización y Barbarie" 
May 3
1st African American lawyer (Macon B Allen) admitted to the bar (Mass) 
May 3
Fire kills 1,600 in popular theater in Canton, China 
May 14
Utrecht-Arnhem Railway opens 
May 17
Rubber band patents 
May 20
1st legislative assembly convenes in Hawaii 
May 20
HMS Erebus and HMS Terror with 134 men under John Franklin sail from the River Thames in England, beginning a disastrous expedition to find the Northwest Passage. All hands are lost. 
May 28
Fire in Quebec, Canada, 1,500 houses destroyed 
Jun 1
Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days 
Jun 4
Mexican-US war starts 
Jun 12
George Abernethy becomes 1st governor of Oregon Country 
Jul 4
Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond 
Jul 4
Texas Congress votes for annexation to US 
Jul 14
1st postmasters' provisional stamps issued, NYC 
Jul 14
Fire in NYC destroys 1,000 homes & kills many 
Jul 16
NY Yacht Club holds its 1st regatta 
Aug 6
The Russian Geographical Society is founded in Saint Petersburg. 
Aug 28
Scientific American magazine publishes its first issue. 
Sep 10
King Willem II opens Amsterdam Stock exchange 
Sep 23
1st baseball team, NY Knickerbockers organize, adopt rule code 
Sep 23
Hunger strike in Hague 
Oct 9
The eminent and controversial Anglican, John Henry Newman, is received into the Roman Catholic Church. 
Oct 10
Naval School (now called US Naval Academy) opens at Annapolis 
Oct 13
Texas ratifies a state constitution 
Oct 19
Richard Wagner's opera "Tannhäuser," premieres in Dresden 
Nov 4
First nationally observed uniform election day in US 
Nov 15
Opera "Maritana" is produced (London) 
Nov 29
The Sonderbund is defeated by the joint forces of other Swiss cantons under General Guillaume-Henri Dufour. 
Dec 2
Manifest Destiny: US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West. 
Dec 6
Alpha Sigma Phi Fraternity is founded at Yale College. 
Dec 17
German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt arrives in Port Essington after a nearly 4,800 km (3,000 mi) overland journey to explore Australia's Northern Territory 
Dec 27
Ether 1st used in childbirth in US, Jefferson, Ga 
Dec 29
Texas admitted as 28th state 
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