Today in History - Historical Events - 1812

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Notable Historical Events - 1812

1812Napoleon Bonaparte's forces invade Russia crossing the Neman River

1812"Grimm's Fairy Tales" by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm is published

1812Failed coup against emperor Napoleon

1812Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Krasnoi during Napoleon's retreat from Moscow

1812James Madison re-elected president of US, E Gerry vice-pres

1812Peninsular War: After a ten day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo.

1812Napoleon's forces begin their retreat from Moscow

1812Battle at Borodino: Napoleon-Kutuzov

1812War of 1812: Tecumseh's Native American force ambushes Thomas Van Horne's 200 Americans at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat.

1812Napoleon occupies Moscow & fires start (fire extinguished on the 19th)

1812British forces under the command of Major General Sir Isaac Brock capture Fort Detroit with the help of Indigenous warriors led by Tecumseh

1812French army under Napoleon reaches Kremlin, Moscow

1812Napoleon's Grand Army crosses Berezina River in retreat from Russia

1812Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon

1812 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 9
Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon 
Jan 12
1st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam, from Natchez 
Jan 19
Peninsular War: After a ten day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo. 
Jan 23
7.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri 
Feb 7
8.2 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri 
Feb 7
Lord Byron makes his maiden speech in House of Lords 
Feb 11
Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry signs a redistricting bill - 1st "gerrymander" 
Mar 3
US passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims) 
Mar 11
Citizenship granted to Prussian Jews 
Mar 14
Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812 
Mar 15
1st Russian settlement in California, Russian River 
Mar 26
Earthquake destroys 90% of Caracas, Venezuela; about 20,000 die 
Apr 5
Brits storm Badajoz fortress, held by French & Spanish 
Apr 30
(Eastern) Louisiana admitted as 18th US state 
May 11
Waltz introduced into English ballrooms. Some observers consider it disgusting & immoral. 
May 11
British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated by John Bellingham in the lobby of the House of Commons, London. Ironically, descendants of both were later elected to Parliament at the same time. 
Jun 4
Louisiana Territory officially renamed "Missouri Territory" 
Jun 18
War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain 
Jun 22
Upon learning of plans by the Americans to execute a surprise attack, Laura Secord walks 32 km to warn the British troops, which results in a British surprise victory at the Battle of Beaver Dams 
Jun 24
Napoleon Bonaparte's forces invade Russia crossing the Neman River 
Jul 11
US invades Canada (Detroit frontier) 
Jul 12
US forces led by Gen Hull invade Canada (War of 1812) 
Jul 22
Duke of Wellington defeats French at Battle of Salamanca, Spain 
Jul 23
Battle of Mogilev Russia-Napoleon fights Tsar Alexander I 
Aug 1
Rare tornado hits Westchester County NY 
Aug 5
War of 1812: Tecumseh's Native American force ambushes Thomas Van Horne's 200 Americans at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat. 
Aug 12
Duke of Wellington's troops enter Madrid 
Aug 16
General Hull surrenders Detroit & Michigan territory to British forces 
Aug 16
British forces under the command of Major General Sir Isaac Brock capture Fort Detroit with the help of Indigenous warriors led by Tecumseh 
Aug 19
US warship Constitution defeats British warship Guerriere 
Sep 3
World's first cannery ( Donkin, Hall and Gamble) opens in London, England to supply food to the Royal Navy 
Sep 7
Battle at Borodino: Napoleon-Kutuzov 
Sep 14
Napoleon occupies Moscow & fires start (fire extinguished on the 19th) 
Sep 15
French army under Napoleon reaches Kremlin, Moscow 
Sep 16
Fire of Moscow 
Sep 18
Fire in Moscow destroys 90% of houses & 1,000 churchs 
Oct 13
Battle of Queenstown Heights, Brit beats US attempt to invade Canada 
Oct 14
Work on London's Regent's Canal starts. 
Oct 19
Napoleon's forces begin their retreat from Moscow 
Oct 22
Duke of Wellington seizes Burgos, Spain 
Oct 23
Failed coup against emperor Napoleon 
Oct 24
Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow. 
Oct 25
US frigate United States captures British vessel Macedonian 
Nov 3
Napoleonic armies defeated at Vyazma 
Nov 17
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Krasnoi during Napoleon's retreat from Moscow 
Nov 29
Napoleon's Grand Army crosses Berezina River in retreat from Russia 
Dec 2
James Madison re-elected president of US, E Gerry vice-pres 
Dec 4
Peter Gaillard of Lancaster, Pa patents a horse-drawn mower 
Dec 11
1st newspaper on Curacao (Curacao Gazette & Commercial Advertiser) 
Dec 12
French invasion of Russia comes to an end. 
Dec 20
"Grimm's Fairy Tales" by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm is published 
Dec 29
The USS Constitution under the command of Captain William Bainbridge, captures the HMS Java off the coast of Brazil after a three hour battle. 
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