Today in History - Historical Events - 1797

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Notable Historical Events - 1797

1797The Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeats larger Spanish fleet under Admiral Don José de Córdoba y Ramos near Cape St. Vincent, Portugal. Captain Horatio Nelson distinguishes himself.

1797John Adams inaugurated as 2nd president of US

1797Horatio Nelson loses more than 300 men and his right arm during the failed conquest attempt of Tenerife (Spain).

1797First Coalition: Napoleon I of France conquers Venice.

1797 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
Albany replaces NYC as capital of NY 
Jan 7
The modern Italian flag is first used. 
Jan 15
1st top hat worn (John Etherington of London) 
Jan 26
Russia, Prussia & Austria sign treaty 
Jan 30
Congress refuses to accept 1st petitions from American blacks 
Feb 4
Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 41,000 
Feb 12
Haydn's song "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser," premieres in Vienna 
Feb 14
The Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeats larger Spanish fleet under Admiral Don José de Córdoba y Ramos near Cape St. Vincent, Portugal. Captain Horatio Nelson distinguishes himself. 
Feb 18
Trinidad is surrendered to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby. 
Feb 19
One third of papal domain ceded to France 
Feb 21
Trinidad, West Indies, surrenders to British 
Feb 22
The Last Invasion of Britain by the French, begins near Fishguard, Wales. 
Feb 25
Colonel William Tate and his force of 1000-1500 soldiers surrender after the Last Invasion of Britain 
Feb 26
Bank of England issues first £1-note 
Mar 4
John Adams inaugurated as 2nd president of US 
Mar 13
Cherubini's opera "Medée" premieres in Paris 
Mar 28
Nathaniel Briggs of NH patents a washing machine 
Apr 17
Sir Ralph Abercromby attacks San Juan, Puerto Rico in what would be one of the largest invasions to Spanish territories in America. 
Apr 18
France & Austria signs cease fire 
May 10
1st US Navy ship, the "United States," is launched 
May 12
First Coalition: Napoleon I of France conquers Venice. 
Jun 2
1st ascent of "Great Mountain" (4,622') in Adirondack NY (C Broadhead) 
Jun 14
Napoleon forms Ligurian Republic 
Jun 26
Charles Newbold patents 1st cast-iron plow. He can't sell it to farmers, though, they fear effects of iron on soil! 
Jul 8
1st US senator (William Blount of Tennessee) expelled by impeachment 
Jul 25
Horatio Nelson loses more than 300 men and his right arm during the failed conquest attempt of Tenerife (Spain). 
Aug 3
Emperor Francis I permits Jews who served in military in "Countries of Bohemian Crown" to marry non Jews 
Aug 16
Comet C/1797 P1 (Bouvard-Herschel) approaches 0.0879 AUs of Earth 
Sep 1
2nd National Meeting in Hague 
Sep 20
US frigate Constitution (Old Ironsides) launched in Boston 
Oct 11
Battle of Camperdown (Kamperduin): English navy defeats Dutch fleet 
Oct 17
Peace of Campo Formio: Austrian Dutch possessions & France 
Oct 22
Andre-Jacques Garnerin makes 1st parachute descent from a balloon (Paris) 
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