Today in History - Historical Events - 1791

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Notable Historical Events - 1791

1791Benjamin Banneker writes a letter to the Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson using language from the 'United States Declaration of Independence' to criticize Jefferson's pro-slavery stance and to request justice for African Americans

1791Thomas Jefferson responds to Benjamin Banneker's letter on the issue of slavery

1791Benjamin Banneker published his 1st Almanac

1791Colonel Napoléon Bonaparte is promoted to full general and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the French Republic.

1791 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 2
Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Country, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War. 
Feb 17
Messier catalogs M83 (spiral galaxy in Hydra) 
Feb 25
1st Bank of US chartered 
Mar 2
Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris. 
Mar 3
1st US internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits & carriages) 
Mar 3
Congress establishes US Mint 
Mar 4
1st Jewish member of US Congress, Israel Jacobs (PA), takes office 
Mar 4
Pres Washington calls the US Senate into its 1st special session 
Mar 4
Vermont admitted as 14th state (1st addition to the 13 colonies) 
Mar 10
John Stone, Concord, Mass, patents a pile driver 
Mar 10
Pope condemns France's Civil Constitution of the clergy 
Mar 11
Samuel Mulliken, Phila, is 1st to obtain more than 1 US patent 
Mar 21
Capt Hopley Yeaton of NH becomes 1st commissioned officer in USN 
May 3
The Constitution of May 3 (the first modern constitution in Europe) is proclaimed by the Sejm of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. 
May 15
Maximilien Robespierre proposes the Self-denying Ordinance. 
Jun 20
King Louis XVI caught trying to escape French Revolution 
Jun 21
Fleeing French King Louis XVI & family captured at Varennes-en-Argonne 
Jul 5
Jose Maria Narvaez discovers Point Grey (now Vancouver BC) 
Jul 14
The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England. 
Jul 17
Members of the French National Guard under the command of General Lafayette open fire on a crowd of radical Jacobins at the Champ de Mars, Paris, during the French Revolution, killing as many as 50 people. 
Aug 2
Samuel Briggs & his son, patent nail-making machine 
Aug 4
The Treaty of Sistova is signed, ending the Ottoman-Habsburg wars. 
Aug 19
Benjamin Banneker published his 1st Almanac 
Aug 19
Benjamin Banneker writes a letter to the Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson using language from the 'United States Declaration of Independence' to criticize Jefferson's pro-slavery stance and to request justice for African Americans 
Aug 22
Haitian Slave Revolution begins under voodoo priest Boukman 
Aug 26
John Fitch granted US patent for his working steamboat 
Aug 30
HMS Pandora sank after running aground on a reef the previous day, on her return from her search for the Bounty and the mutineers who had taken her 
Aug 30
Thomas Jefferson responds to Benjamin Banneker's letter on the issue of slavery 
Sep 3
French Constitution passed by French National Assembly 
Sep 6
Mozart's opera "La Clemenza di Tito" premieres in Prague 
Sep 13
France's King Louis XVI accepts constitution 
Sep 30
Mozart's opera "Magic Flute" premieres in Vienna 
Sep 30
The National Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved; Parisians hail Maximilien Robespierre and Jérôme Pétion as incorruptible patriots. 
Oct 1
1st session of new French legislative assembly 
Nov 3
Battle at Wabash: indians assault general St Clair/killed 637 soldiers 
Nov 15
1st Catholic college in US, Georgetown, opens 
Nov 21
Colonel Napoléon Bonaparte is promoted to full general and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the French Republic. 
Nov 29
Chatham Islands sighted by HMS Chatham commanded by William Broughton 
Dec 4
Britain's Observer, oldest Sunday newspaper in the world, 1st published 
Dec 12
Bank of US opens 
Dec 15
1st US law school established at University of Pennsylvania 
Dec 15
US Bill of Rights ratified when Virginia gives its approval. Becomes amendments 1-10 of the US constitution 
Dec 17
NYC traffic regulation creates 1st 1-way street 
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