Today in History - Historical Events - 1781

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Notable Historical Events - 1781

1781British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia

1781George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis

1781 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey as part of the Pennsylvania (Continentals; Regiment) Mutiny of 1781. 
Jan 4
Andre Méchain discovers M80 (globular cluster in Scorpio) 
Jan 5
British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia 
Jan 6
Battle of Jersey (Island in UK) 
Jan 20
1st edition of Pieter It Hoens "Post of Neder-Rhijn" published 
Jan 29
Mozart's opera "Idomeneo" premieres, Munich 
Jan 30
Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland 
Feb 3
Dutch West Indies island of St Eustatia taken by British 
Mar 1
Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation 
Mar 13
Sir William Herschel sees "comet" (really discovered Uranus) 
Mar 15
Battle of Guilford Court House, SC (British suffer heavy losses) 
Mar 18
Charles Messier rediscovers global cluster M92 
Apr 8
Premiere of Mozart's violin sonata K379 
Apr 29
French fleet occupies Tobago during American War of Independence 
Apr 29
French fleet stopped Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope 
May 1
Emperor Jozef II decrees protection of population 
May 26
Bank of North America incorporates in Philadelphia 
Jun 3
Jack Jouett rides to warn Thomas Jefferson of British attack 
Jul 11
Thomas Hutchins designated Geographer of US 
Aug 1
British army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia 
Aug 5
Battle at Dogger Bank: Dutch fleet vs English fleet 
Aug 20
George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis 
Aug 30
French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British under Admiral Graves at battle of Chesapeake Capes in American Revolutionary War 
Sep 4
Los Angeles is founded by 44 Spanish speaking mestizos in the Bahia de las Fumas (Bay of Smokes) 
Sep 5
Battle of Virginia Capes, French defeat British, trap Cornwallis 
Sep 6
The Battle of Groton Heights takes place, resulting a British victory. 
Sep 25
-26] Joan Derks scatters "On the People of Netherlands" pamphlets 
Sep 28
9,000 American forces & 7,000 French forces begin siege of Yorktown 
Oct 6
Americans & French begin siege of Cornwallis at Yorktown; last battle of American Revolutionary War 
Oct 16
Washington takes Yorktown 
Oct 17
Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown 
Oct 19
British General Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2 pm; US Revolutionary War ends 
Oct 20
Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship, was approved in Habsburg Monarchy. 
Nov 5
John Hanson elected first "President of US in Congress assembled" 
Nov 13
British troops occupy Negapatam, Ceylon (Sri Lanka) 
Nov 29
Crew of the slave ship Zong murder approx. 142 African slaves by dumping them into the sea in order to claim insurance. 
Dec 31
Bank of North America, 1st US bank opens 
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