Today in History - Historical Events - 1776

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Notable Historical Events - 1776

1776Captain James Cook begins his third voyage

1776George Washington asks for a spy volunteer, Nathan Hale volunteers

1776George Washington's retreating army crosses Delaware River from NJ

1776At the Continental Congress, John Dickinson abstains from the votes that declare independence

1776George Washington defeats Hessians at Battle of Trenton in American Revolutionary War

1776"Common Sense" Pamphlet by Thomas Paine, published advocating American independence

1776Publication of the economics book The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith.

1776Gen George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag

1776Benjamin Franklin departed from America for France on a mission to seek French support for the American Revolution.

1776Thomas Paine published his 1st "American Crisis" essay, in which he wrote, "These are the times that try men's souls"

1776Thomas Paine writes "These are the times that try men's souls"

1776Continental Congress authorized a medal for George Washington

1776Continental Congress creates committee (Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston) to draft a Declaration of Independence

1776George Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College

1776 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
Gen George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag 
Jan 2
1st revolutionary flag displayed 
Jan 2
Austria ends interregation torture 
Jan 5
Assembly of New Hampshire adopts its 1st state constitution 
Jan 10
"Common Sense" Pamphlet by Thomas Paine, published advocating American independence 
Jan 16
Continental Congress approves enlistment of free blacks 
Jan 18
James Wright, Royal Governor of Georgia, is placed under house arrest by Major Joseph Habersham 
Jan 24
Henry Knox arrives at Cambridge, Massachusetts with the artillery that he has transported from Fort Ticonderoga. 
Feb 8
Wolfgang von Goethes' "Stella," premieres in Hamburg 
Feb 17
1st volume of Gibbon's "Decline & Fall of Roman Empire" published 
Mar 2
Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston 
Mar 3
US commodore Esek Hopkins occupies Nassau Bahamas 
Mar 4
The American War of Independence: The Americans capture Dorchester Heights dominating the port of Boston, Massachusetts. 
Mar 9
Publication of the economics book The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith
Mar 17
British forces evacuate Boston to Nova Scotia during Revolutionary War 
Mar 25
Continental Congress authorized a medal for George Washington 
Mar 28
Juan Bautista de Anza finds the site for the Presidio of San Francisco. 
Apr 1
Friedrich von Klinger's "Sturm und Drang" premieres in Leipzig 
Apr 3
George Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College 
Apr 7
Captain John Barry and the USS Lexington captures the Edward. 
Apr 12
Halifax resolution for independence adopted by North Carolina 
Apr 15
Duchess of Kingston found guilty of bigamy 
May 1
Adam Weishaupt founds secret society of Illuminati 
May 2
France & Spain agreed to give weapons to American rebels 
May 4
Rhode Island declares independence from Britain 
May 12
Turgot, French minister of Finance, resigns 
Jun 7
Richard Lee (VA) moves Decl of Independence in Continental Congress 
Jun 11
Continental Congress creates committee (Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston) to draft a Declaration of Independence 
Jun 12
Virginia adopts Declaration of Rights 
Jun 23
Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to Continental Congress 
Jun 28
Charleston, SC repulses British sea attack 
Jun 29
Mission Dolores founded by San Francisco Bay 
Jun 29
Virginia state constitution adopted & Patrick Henry made governor 
Jul 1
1st vote on Declaration of Independence for Britain's North American colonies 
Jul 2
NJ Jersey gives the right to vote to all adults who could show a net worth of 50 pounds 
Jul 2
Continental Congress resolves "these United Colonies are & of right ought to be Free & Independent States" 
Jul 2
At the Continental Congress, John Dickinson abstains from the votes that declare independence 
Jul 4
According to popular legend the Liberty Bell rings for the 2nd Continental Congress 
Jul 4
US congress proclaims the Declaration of Independence and independence from Britain 
Jul 6
American Declaration of Independence announced on front page of "PA Evening Gazette" 
Jul 8
Col John Nixon gave 1st public reading of Decaration of Independence (Philadelphia) 
Jul 9
Declaration of Independence is read to George Washington's troops (NY) 
Jul 11
Captain James Cook begins his third voyage 
Jul 12
Captain Cook departs with Resolution for 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean 
Aug 2
Formal signing of the US Declaration of Independence by 56 people 
Aug 10
American Revolutionary War: word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London. 
Aug 27
British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island 
Aug 29
Americans withdraw from Manhattan to Westchester 
Aug 30
US army evacuates Long Island and falls back to Manhattan, NYC 
Sep 6
Hurricane hits Martinique; 100 French & Dutch ships sinks; 600 die 
Sep 6
1st (failed) submarine attack (David Bushnell's "Turtle" attacks British sailboat "Eagle" in Bay of NY) 
Sep 6
Hurricane hits Guadeloupe, killing more than 6,000. 
Sep 9
Congress officially renames the country as the United States of America (Was the United Colonies) 
Sep 10
George Washington asks for a spy volunteer, Nathan Hale volunteers 
Sep 12
Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission 
Sep 15
British forces capture Kip's Bay Manhattan during Revolution 
Sep 17
The Presidio of San Francisco is founded in New Spain. 
Sep 21
5 days after British take NY, a ¼ of city burns down 
Sep 21
Nathan Hale, spied on British for American rebels, arrested 
Sep 24
First St Leger horesrace held at Doncaster 
Oct 9
Mission Dolores founded by SF Bay 
Oct 11
Brig Gen Arnold's Lake Champlain fleet defeated by British 
Oct 12
British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx 
Oct 18
In a NY bar decorated with bird tail, customer orders "cock tail" 
Oct 18
Battle of Pelham: Col John Glover & Marblehead regiment meet British Forces in Bronx 
Oct 26
Benjamin Franklin departed from America for France on a mission to seek French support for the American Revolution. 
Oct 28
Battle of White Plains; Washington retreats to NJ 
Nov 1
Mission San Juan Capistrano founded in California 
Nov 16
1st gun salute for an American warship in a foreign port - US Andrew Doria at Ft St Eustatius 
Nov 16
British troops captured Fort Washington during American Revolution 
Nov 18
Hessians capture Ft Lee, NJ 
Nov 30
Captain Cook begins 3rd & last trip to Pacific (South Sea) 
Dec 5
1st US fraternity, Phi Beta Kappa (William & Mary College), forms 
Dec 8
George Washington's retreating army crosses Delaware River from NJ 
Dec 19
Thomas Paine published his 1st "American Crisis" essay, in which he wrote, "These are the times that try men's souls" 
Dec 23
Continental Congress negotiates a war loan of $181,500 from France 
Dec 23
Thomas Paine writes "These are the times that try men's souls" 
Dec 25
Washington crosses Delaware & surprises & defeats 1,400 Hessians 
Dec 26
George Washington defeats Hessians at Battle of Trenton in American Revolutionary War 
Dec 31
Rhode Island establishes wage & price controls to curb inflation: Limit is 70 cents a day for carpenters, 42 cents for tailors 
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