Thomas Malthus Biography

The Reverend Thomas Robert Malthus FRS was an English cleric and scholar, influential in the fields of political economy and demography. Malthus himself used only his middle name Robert.

His An Essay on the Principle of Population observed that sooner or later population will be checked by famine and disease, leading to what is known as a Malthusian catastrophe. He wrote in opposition to the popular view in 18th-century Europe that saw society as improving and in principle as perfectible. He thought that the dangers of population growth precluded progress towards a utopian society: "The power of population is indefinitely greater than the power in the earth to produce subsistence for man". As a cleric, Malthus saw this situation as divinely imposed to teach virtuous behaviour. Malthus wrote:

That the increase of population is necessarily limited by the means of subsistence,

That population does invariably increase when the means of subsistence increase, and,

That the superior power of population is repressed, and the actual population kept equal to the means of subsistence, by misery and vice.

Malthus placed the longer-term stability of the economy above short-term expediency. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Thomas Malthus
Full Name:
Reverend Thomas Robert Malthus
Nationality:
England
Profession:
Demographer, Scientist, Economist, Mathematician
Religion:
Anglicanism
Date of Birth:
February 14, 1766
Astrological Sign:
Date of Death:
December 29, 1834
Age at Death:
68
Marriages
  • 1804-03-13
    Economist Thomas Robert Malthus (38) weds Harriet Eckersall in Bath, Somerset
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Thomas Malthus. (2017). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 5:47am UTC, Nov 23, 2017, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/thomas-malthus/bio.

Harvard Style

Thomas Malthus. [Internet]. 2017. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/thomas-malthus/bio [Accessed 23 Nov 2017].

MLA Style

"Thomas Malthus." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2017. Web. 23 Nov 2017.

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