Joseph Banks Biography

Sir Joseph Banks, 1st Baronet, GCB, PRS was an English naturalist, botanist and patron of the natural sciences.

Banks made his name on the 1766 natural history expedition to Newfoundland and Labrador. He took part in Captain James Cook's first great voyage, visiting Brazil, Tahiti, and, after 6 months in New Zealand, Australia, returning to immediate fame. He held the position of President of the Royal Society for over 41 years. He advised King George III on the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and by sending botanists around the world to collect plants, he made Kew the world's leading botanical gardens.

Banks advocated British settlement in New South Wales and colonisation of Australia, as well as the establishment of Botany Bay as a place for the reception of convicts, and advised the British government on all Australian matters.

He is credited with introducing the eucalyptus, acacia, and the genus named after him, Banksia to the Western world. Approximately 80 species of plants bear his name. He was the leading founder of the African Association and a member of the Society of Dilettanti which helped to establish the Royal Academy. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Joseph Banks
Nationality:
United Kingdom
Profession:
Botanist
Date of Birth:
February 13, 1743
Astrological Sign:
Aquarius
Date of Death:
June 19, 1820
Age at Death:
77
Marriages
Cite this page
APA Style

Joseph Banks. (2018). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 2:23am UTC, Feb 19, 2018, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/joseph-banks/bio.

Harvard Style

Joseph Banks. [Internet]. 2018. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/joseph-banks/bio [Accessed 19 Feb 2018].

MLA Style

"Joseph Banks." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2018. Web. 19 Feb 2018.

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