Cicero Biography

Marcus Tullius Cicero, was a Roman philosopher, politician, lawyer, orator, political theorist, consul and constitutionalist. He came from a wealthy municipal family of the Roman equestrian order, and is widely considered one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists.

His influence on the Latin language was so immense that the subsequent history of prose in not only Latin but European languages up to the 19th century was said to be either a reaction against or a return to his style. According to Michael Grant, "the influence of Cicero upon the history of European literature and ideas greatly exceeds that of any other prose writer in any language". Cicero introduced the Romans to the chief schools of Greek philosophy and created a Latin philosophical vocabulary distinguishing himself as a linguist, translator, and philosopher.

Petrarch's rediscovery of Cicero's letters is often credited for initiating the 14th-century Renaissance in public affairs, humanism, and classical Roman culture. According to Polish historian Tadeusz Zieliński, "Renaissance was above all things a revival of Cicero, and only after him and through him of the rest of Classical antiquity." Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Cicero
Full Name:
Marcus Tullius Cicero
Nationality:
Roman Republic
Profession:
Lawyer, Statesman, Philosopher, Politician, Writer, Orator
Religion:
Deism
Date of Birth:
January 3, 106 BC
Astrological Sign:
Capricorn
Date of Death:
December 7, 43 BC
Age at Death:
62
Cause of Death:
Assassination, Capital punishment
Cicero Timeline
  • 63-12-05
    Cicero reads the last of his Catiline Orations.
  • 44-09-02
    The first of Cicero's Philippics (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over the next several months.
Cite this page
APA Style

Cicero. (2017). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 8:20pm UTC, Dec 18, 2017, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/cicero/bio.

Harvard Style

Cicero. [Internet]. 2017. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/cicero/bio [Accessed 18 Dec 2017].

MLA Style

"Cicero." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2017. Web. 18 Dec 2017.

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