Charlemagne Biography

Charlemagne, also known as Charles the Great or Charles I, was the King of the Franks from 768, the King of Italy from 774, and from 800 the first emperor in western Europe since the collapse of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier. The expanded Frankish state he founded is called the Carolingian Empire.

The oldest son of Pepin the Short and Bertrada of Laon, Charlemagne became king in 768 following the death of his father. He was initially co-ruler with his brother Carloman I. Carloman's sudden death in 771 under unexplained circumstances left Charlemagne as the undisputed ruler of the Frankish Kingdom. Charlemagne continued his father's policy towards the papacy and became its protector, removing the Lombards from power in northern Italy, and leading an incursion into Muslim Spain. He also campaigned against the peoples to his east, Christianizing them upon penalty of death, at times leading to events such as the Massacre of Verden. Charlemagne reached the height of his power in 800 when he was crowned "emperor" by Pope Leo III on Christmas Day at Old St. Peter's Basilica. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Charlemagne
Nationality:
Francia
Profession:
Politician
Religion:
Catholicism
Date of Birth:
April 2, 742
Astrological Sign:
Aries
Date of Death:
January 28, 814
Age at Death:
71
Charlemagne Timeline
  • 768-10-09
    Charlemagne and his brother Carloman I are crowned Kings of The Franks.
  • 771-12-05
    Charlemagne becomes the sole King of the Franks after the death of his brother Carloman.
  • 774-04-06
    Charles the Great (Charlemagne) confirmed the gift to the Pope of the territories belonging to Ravenna made by his father Pepin the Short at Quiercy-sur-Loire in 753
  • 778-08-15
    Battle of Roncevaux Pass: Roland, commander of the rearguard of Charlemagne's army is defeated by the Basques
  • 800-11-23
    Charlemagne arrives at Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III.
  • 800-12-01
    Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.
  • 800-12-25
    Pope Leo III crowns Charles the Great (Charlemagne), Roman emperor
Cite this page
APA Style

Charlemagne. (2017). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 3:59am UTC, Dec 11, 2017, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/charlemagne/bio.

Harvard Style

Charlemagne. [Internet]. 2017. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/charlemagne/bio [Accessed 11 Dec 2017].

MLA Style

"Charlemagne." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2017. Web. 11 Dec 2017.

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