Today in History - Famous Birthdays - 1856

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Notable Birthdays - 1856

1856Henry Ossian Flipper, Thomasville, Georgia, American soldier, former slave and first African American to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1877

1856Louis Sullivan, Boston Massachusetts, American architect (father of skyscrapers)

1856Frank Kellogg, Potsdam, New York, Sec of State (1925-29), try to outlaw war (Nobel 1929), (d. 1937)

1856Frederick Winslow Taylor, father of scientific management

1856George Bernard Shaw, Dublin Ireland, dramatist (Pygmalion-Nobel 1925), (d. 1950)

1856Sigmund Freud, Freiberg in Mähren, Moravia, Austrian neurologist and father of psychology, (d. 1939)

1856Booker Taliaferro Washington, pioneer educator (1st black on US stamp)

1856Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist, electrical engineer and inventor, developed alternating current and the Tesla Coil

1856[Thomas] Woodrow Wilson, Staunton Va, 28th (D) US President (1913-21), Nobel Peace Prize 1919

1856J. J. Thomson, Manchester, England, physicist discovered electron (Nobel 1906)

1856 Birthdays
Date Event
Jan 6
Giuseppe Martucci, composer 
Jan 6
Giuseppe Martucci, Arditi civili 
Jan 6
George Thorne, Highlights from The Mikado 
Jan 8
Nelly De Heer, Toffe jongens onder de mobilisatie (deel 1) 
Jan 9
Anton Askerc, Slavic priest/poet (Primoz Trubar) 
Jan 9
Lizette Woodworth Reese, US poet (Branch of May, Tears) 
Jan 9
Stevan Mokranjac, composer 
Jan 9
William Parry, A Cigarette Maker's Romance 
Jan 9
J. Franklin Bell, Brigadier-General Franklin Bell and Staff 
Jan 9
Stevan Stojanovic Mokranjac, Opelo za Bobija Fisera 
Jan 10
Péter Andorffy, Casanova 
Jan 11
Christian August Sinding, Kongsberg Norway, composer 
Jan 11
Christian Sinding, Intermezzo: A Love Story 
Jan 12
John Singer Sargent, US, portrait painter (Wyndham Sisters) 
Jan 14
J. F. Archibald, Australian journalist and publisher (d. 1919) 
Jan 15
Mia Gründer, Husband by Proxy 
Jan 18
John Hyatt Brewer, composer 
Jan 19
Thérèse Kolb, Le crime de Sylvestre Bonnard 
Jan 25
Pierre Decourcelle, La bâillonnée - Épisode 1: Entre deux haines 
Jan 27
Cecil Raleigh, The Whip 
Jan 27
Lous van Korlaar-van Dam, De duivel 
Feb 2
Makar Grigori Ekmalyan, composer 
Feb 2
Albert Paul, Der Krieg brachte Frieden 
Feb 5
Otto Brahm, German critic/founder (Neue Deutsche Rundschau) 
Feb 11
Antun Bauer,  
Feb 14
Frank Harris, England, journalist/writer (My Life & Loves) 
Feb 14
Frank Harris, Cowboy 
Feb 15
Frank Harris, Galway England, writer 
Feb 15
Emil Kraepelin, German psychiatrist (d. 1926) 
Feb 16
Willem Kes, Dutch violinist/composer/conductor (Parkorkest Amsterdam) 
Feb 16
Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (d. 1944) 
Feb 17
J.H. Rosny Sr., Quest for Fire 
Feb 21
Hendrik P Berlage, architect (Stock exchange Amsterdam) 
Feb 22
Etienne Girardot, Twentieth Century 
Feb 25
Charles Lang Freer, art collector; endowed Freer Gallery [or 1876] 
Feb 27
Mattia Battistini, Donna Lisa 
Feb 28
Eva Dell'Acqua, I Married an Angel 
Feb 29
J. Edwin Brown, Discontent 
Feb 29
Sedley Brown, How Spriggins Took Lodgers 
Mar 1
Florimond Fonteyne, Flemish priest/politician (Volkseeuw) 
Mar 3
Gustav Davis, Catacombs 
Mar 4
Toru Dutt, English and French poet and author (d. 1877) 
Mar 4
Alfred William Rich, English painter (d. 1921) 
Mar 7
Matilde Serao, [Tuffolina], Italian writer (Land of Cockayne) 
Mar 7
Matilde Serao, Episode #1.4 
Mar 8
Bramwell Booth, the 2nd General of The Salvation Army (d. 1929) 
Mar 8
Tom Roberts, Australian artist (d. 1931) 
Mar 9
Eddie Foy, American singer and dancer (d. 1928) 
Mar 9
Eddie Foy, A Favorite Fool 
Mar 9
Marquis de Dion, M. le comte de Dion 
Mar 11
George Durham, Texas Rangers 
Mar 16
E Louis YY Napoleon Bonaparte, French/English prince 
Mar 17
Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (d. 1910) 
Mar 17
John J. Williams, Marse Covington 
Mar 20
Frederick Winslow Taylor, father of scientific management 
Mar 20
Sir John Lavery, Irish artist (d. 1941) 
Mar 21
Henry Ossian Flipper, Thomasville, Georgia, American soldier, former slave and first African American to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1877 
Mar 26
David Alfred Thomas, Glamorganshire UK, 1st Viscount Rhondda 
Mar 30
Bessie Bellwood, The Lodger 
Apr 1
Acacio Gabriel Viegas, Indian physician (d. 1933) 
Apr 5
Booker Taliaferro Washington, pioneer educator (1st black on US stamp) 
Apr 5
Booker T. Washington, By Right of Birth 
Apr 6
May Evelynne, S.O.S. 
Apr 9
Arthur Kraußneck, The Chronicles of the Gray House 
Apr 11
Arthur Shrewsbury, cricketer (dominant England bat late 19th cent) 
Apr 11
Constantly Lievens, Flemish missionary in India 
Apr 12
William M Conway, English historian/explorer (Spitzbergen) 
Apr 22
[Marie] Louise Hens, Flemish actress (Two Orphans) 
Apr 23
Arthur Twining Hadley, The Courage of the Common Place 
Apr 24
Henri POBJ Pétain, French marshal (Verdun/Vichy regime) 
Apr 24
Philippe Pétain, La nuit merveilleuse 
Apr 26
Sir Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1930) 
Apr 26
Henry Morgenthau, Auction of Souls 
Apr 27
Henry J.W. Dam, Her Silent Sacrifice 
Apr 29
Bert Woodruff, Speedy 
May 5
W.W. Denslow, Oz: The American Fairyland 
May 6
Robert Edwin Peary, US, arctic explorer (North Pole-Apr 6 1909) 
May 6
Sigmund Freud, Freiberg in Mähren, Moravia, Austrian neurologist and father of psychology, (d. 1939) 
May 6
Sigmund Freud, Conspirators of Pleasure 
May 6
Robert Peary, Animated Weekly, No. 36 
May 7
Walter Browne, Everywoman 
May 13
Peter Henry Emerson, 1st to promote photography as an independent art 
May 13
Tom O'Rourke, American boxing manager (d. 1938) 
May 15
Lyman Frank Baum, NY, children's book author (Wizard of Oz) 
May 15
L. Frank Baum, The Wizard of Oz 
May 20
Henri E Cross [Delacroix], French painter 
May 25
Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, French general (d. 1942) 
May 26
George Templeton Strong, composer 
Jun 1
George Brest, Assignment in Brittany 
Jun 6
Gabrielle Réjane, Alsace 
Jun 6
Gustav Ranft, Värmlänningarna 
Jun 8
Natalia Janotha, composer 
Jun 9
Lyman H. Howe, Ride on a Runaway Train 
Jun 12
Frank Losee, Orphans of the Storm 
Jun 14
Andrey Markov, Russia, mathematician (Markov Chain) 
Jun 19
Elbert Hubbard, US, editor/publisher/author (Message to Garcia) 
Jun 19
Elbert Hubbard, A Message to Garcia 
Jun 21
Henry Guy Carleton, The Phantom Honeymoon 
Jun 22
Henry Rider Haggard, Norfolk, England, author (King Solomon's Mine, She, Dawn) 
Jun 22
H. Rider Haggard, King Solomon's Mines 
Jun 30
Gerrit Kalff, writer (history of Dutch writers) 
Jun 30
Louise Fahlman, Sången om den eldröda blomman 
Jul 1
Georg Busch, Lille Dorrit 
Jul 5
Hedworth Meux, The Queen's Reception to the Heroes of Ladysmith 
Jul 6
Edward Anseele, Belgian minister of Rail/PTT 
Jul 7
George Hearne, cricketer (brother of Frank & Alec, Test for England) 
Jul 9
Daniel Guggenheim, US (Guggenheim Museum) 
Jul 10
Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist, electrical engineer and inventor, developed alternating current and the Tesla Coil 
Jul 10
Nikola Tesla,  
Jul 15
Owen Dunell, cricketer (South Africa's 1st Test captain) 
Jul 15
Charles Frohman, Are You a Mason? 
Jul 21
Harry A P Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania) 
Jul 21
Louise Blanchard Bethune, 1st US woman architect 
Jul 23
Arthur H Bird, composer 
Jul 23
Bal Gangadhar Tilak, British-Indian Hindi leader 
Jul 24
Charles Émile Picard, French mathematician (d. 1941) 
Jul 25
Charles Major, When Knighthood Was in Flower 
Jul 26
George Bernard Shaw, Dublin Ireland, dramatist (Pygmalion-Nobel 1925), (d. 1950) 
Jul 26
George Bernard Shaw, My Fair Lady 
Jul 28
Kate Phillips, The Sands of Time 
Jul 30
Richard B Haldane, British viscount/lord-chancellor (Life of A Smith) 
Aug 1
George Coulthard, Former Australian rules footballer and cricketer (d. 1883) 
Aug 3
Alfred Deakin, 2nd Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1919) 
Aug 6
Nestor de Tière, Roze Kate 
Aug 7
Lew Dockstader, Dan 
Aug 8
F. Anstey, Vice Versa 
Aug 10
Paul Geisler, composer 
Aug 12
"Diamond Jim" Brady, American financier (d. 1917) 
Aug 13
Anthony Gildès, L'affaire est dans le sac 
Aug 15
J Keir Hardie, 1st Labour representative in British Parliament 
Aug 15
Frank Daniels, Captain Jinks and Himself 
Aug 17
Violet Paget, [Vernon Lee], British author (Satan the master) 
Aug 18
Charles Hutchison Gabriel, composer 
Aug 18
Jan Karol Gali, composer 
Aug 18
Charles Gabriel, Django Unchained 
Aug 19
James Milton Black, Runaway Jury 
Aug 19
Harold Frederic, Copperhead 
Aug 20
Innokenti F Annenski, Russian poet/interpreter (Laodania) [NS Sept 1] 
Aug 20
Jakub Bart-Ćišinski, Sorbian writer (d. 1909) 
Aug 23
Betty Waid, Troika 
Aug 24
Felix Mottl, composer 
Aug 26
Clara Schønfeld, Master of the House 
Aug 27
Iwan Franko, writer 
Aug 27
Ivan Franko, Zakhar Berkut 
Aug 30
Carle David Tolmé Runge, German physicist (d. 1927) 
Aug 31
Nikoghayos Fadeyi Tigranyan, composer 
Sep 1
Sergei Winogradsky, Russian scientist (d. 1953) 
Sep 2
Yang Hsiu-ch'ing, commander in chief of Taiping Rebellion 
Sep 3
Louis Sullivan, Boston Massachusetts, American architect (father of skyscrapers) 
Sep 5
Jacobus C J Hermans, actor (7th Command) 
Sep 12
Johann Heinrich Beck, composer 
Sep 23
William Archer, Scotland, writer (Green Goddess) 
Sep 28
Edward Herbert Thompson, Mass, archaeologist (Mayan civilization) 
Sep 28
Kate Douglas Wiggins, author (Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm) 
Sep 30
Andrejs Jurjans, composer 
Oct 6
William Shea, Auld Robin Gray 
Oct 11
Alfredo Testoni, Il cardinale Lambertini 
Oct 15
R G Nivelle, French military man 
Oct 15
Robert Nivelle,  
Oct 15
Mary Plamondon,  
Oct 25
Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger, Croatian paleontologist (d. 1936) 
Oct 25
Paul d'Ivoi, The Five Cents of Lavarede 
Oct 28
Franz Xavier Arens, composer 
Nov 3
Jim McCormick, baseball player (d. 1918) 
Nov 3
Marcelino Menéndez Pelayo, El verdugo 
Nov 6
Nicholas Nikolajevitsj, ruler of Russia 
Nov 7
Semyon Zonovyevich Alapin, Vilna, tied for chess 1st place (1878) 
Nov 13
Louis D Brandeis, Mass, 68th Supreme Court Justice (1916-39) 
Nov 13
Sigwart Aspestrand, composer 
Nov 18
Nikolai Nikolaevich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia (d. 1929) 
Nov 18
Grand Duke Nicholas,  
Nov 22
Heber J Grant, Salt Lake City, 7th pres of Mormon church 
Nov 22
Melbourne MacDowell, There It Is 
Nov 22
Heber J. Grant, Latter-Day Saint Leaders: Past and Present 
Nov 22
I.C. Christensen, Islands Altings besög i Köbenhavn 
Nov 25
Sergei Ivanovich Taneyev, Russia, composer (Oresteia) 
Nov 28
Alexandr Dmitriyevich Kastal'sky, composer 
Nov 29
Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, German Chancellor/premier Prussia 
Nov 29
Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg, The First World War 
Dec 2
Robert Kajanus, composer 
Dec 11
Georgi V Plechanov, Russian revolutionary theorist 
Dec 13
Svetozar Boroević, Austro-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1920) 
Dec 17
August Palme, Bodakungen 
Dec 18
J. J. Thomson, Manchester, England, physicist discovered electron (Nobel 1906) 
Dec 22
Frank Kellogg, Potsdam, New York, Sec of State (1925-29), try to outlaw war (Nobel 1929), (d. 1937) 
Dec 22
Frank B. Kellogg,  
Dec 25
Hans von Bartels, German painter (d. 1913) 
Dec 27
Andre Gedalge, composer 
Dec 28
[Thomas] Woodrow Wilson, Staunton Va, 28th (D) US President (1913-21), Nobel Peace Prize 1919 
Dec 28
Woodrow Wilson, Our Bridge of Ships 
Dec 29
Thomas J Stieltjes, mathematician (Stieltjes integral) 
5
Ellen Adelstam, Husband by Proxy 
6
Charles E. Evans, Happy Days 
10
Thomas Jefferson, Forbidden 
13
Ernest Gillet, The Dancing Masters 
14
Charles Plamondon,  
23
William Archer, The Green Goddess 
28
Kate Douglas Wiggin, Mother Carey's Chickens 
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